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  • AIDS  (1)
  • Cell proliferation  (1)
  • Fibrom  (1)
  • Springer  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Keywords: Histiocytoma ; Fibroma ; Sclerosing angioma ; Histiocytom ; Fibrom ; Sklerosierendes Angiom
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Überprüft man in Histiocytomen mit Hilfe des Nachweises der alkalischen Phosphatase den Verlauf der Capillaren, so überrascht die große Zahl der Gefäße. Von einem Zentrum erstrecken sich diese durch das ganze Histiocytom, selbst die über dem Histiocytom unter der Epidermis gelegenen Capillaren sind gewuchert. Histochemische und elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen zeigen aber, daß die Mehrzahl der Tumorzellen keine Gefäßzellen sind, sondern Fibroblasten, Histiocyten und Mastzellen. Die jüngeren Fibroblasten gleichen Elementen, die man auch bei der Wundheilung findet und die man als C-Fibroblasten bezeichnet hat.
    Notes: Summary In histiocytomas the alkaline phosphatase technique reveals a surprising number of capillaries. The capillaries branch out from the center to the periphery of the histiocytoma and even the capillaries beneath the epidermis proliferate. The cellular elements outside the capillaries, however, are fibroblasts, histiocytes and mast cells, as is revealed by various histochemical and electron microscopical examinations. Histiocytomas of short duration differ from older histiocytomas in that the former contain fibroblasts similar to those found in healing wounds (C-fibroblasts).
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Keywords: Kaposi's sarcoma ; Initial lesion ; HIV infection ; Spindle cells ; AIDS
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) in human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) has become a rather frequent manifestation of the previously rare disease with fatal outcome. Initial lesions of KS were studied by means of histopathology, immunohistology, and electron microscopy in order to define the earliest alterations. The histopathological changes of initial lesions were distinct, consisting of (1) discrete proliferation of capillary vessels, (2) dissection of collagen by proliferating spindle cells which formed slits, (3) atypical spindle cells arranged in an Indian file pattern, and (4) the lack of any inflammatory cellular infiltrate. Double staining with antibodies against vimentin and immunohistochemical markers for endothelial cells revealed that slits forming vimentin-positive spindle cells displayed laminin, factor VIII, and PAL-E. Atypical vimentinpositive spindle cells arranged in an Indian file pattern inconsistently expressed laminin and factor VIII, but not PAL-E. KS cells rarely stained with the lectin UEA I, not even in case of less advanced dedifferentiation. Electron microscopy showed gradual transformation between spindle cells forming slits and those having lost the ability to form incomplete vessel walls. The present findings support the view that KS develops from the endothelial cells of the blood vessels. The proliferation of atypical endothelial cells as early as in initial lesions and the lack of inflammation favors the primary neoplastic genesis of KS.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Keywords: Arylhydrocarbon-hydroxylase (AHH) ; Epidermal cells ; Cell proliferation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Cytochrome P-450-dependent arylhydrocarbon-hydroxylase (AHH) activity and inducibility by benzanthracene (BA) was measured in cultured guinea pig and human epidermal cells. Basal AHH-activity (AHHb) in guinea pig epidermal cells was much higher than in human epidermal cells. AHHb in guinea pig epidermal cells was directly related to the labeling index and decreased to the original level between the 5th and 7th day of cell culturing. On the other hand, the induction-ratio of AHH reached its maximum level when the number of cells began to rise (proliferation phase) and remained high at day 7 of the cell culture. These results suggest a cell growth dependent activity and inducibility of carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes, such as AHH, in isolated epidermal cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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