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  • Acenaphthylenes  (1)
  • Aib  (1)
  • Amino acids  (1)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Liebigs Annalen 2000 (2000), S. 713-721 
    ISSN: 1434-193X
    Keywords: Reductive alkylation ; Acenaphthylenes ; Carbanions ; Polycycles ; Single-electron transfer ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---Reaction of the 5-hydroacenaphthylene anion with benzyl halides proceeds at carbon atom 1 as well as at carbon atom 2a, in the latter case creating a quaternary centre. The hardness-softness of the electrophiles was shown to play only a minor role in determining the regioselectivity of the reaction of the hydroanion with several benzyl and alkyl halides: the leaving group hardly affects the ratio of 1- and 2a-substituted products. This indicates that the alkylation might proceed by an electron transfer (SET) instead of an SN2 mechanism. Further evidence for SET was obtained by the use of free radical and electron scavengers. The substitution products 1-benzylacenaphthene and 2a-benzyl-2a,5-dihydroacenaphthylene could be isolated and purified.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-193X
    Keywords: Amino acids ; Isotopic labelling ; Ethyl benzoate ; Benzonitrile ; Sodium phenylpyruvate ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A synthetic route to stable-isotope-substituted L-phenylalanine is presented, which allows the introduction of 13C, 15N, and deuterium labels at any position or combination of positions. For labelling of the aromatic ring, a synthetic route to ethyl benzoate (or benzonitrile) has been developed, based on the electrocyclic ring-closure of a 1,6-disubstituted hexatriene system, with in situ aromatization by elimination of one (amino) substituent. Several important (highly isotopically enriched) synthons have been prepared, namely benzonitrile, benzaldehyde, ethyl benzoate, and ethyl diphenyloxyacetate. Labelled L-phenylalanines have been synthesized from both aromatic precursors by initial conversion into sodium phenylpyruvate and subsequent transformation of this intermediate into the L-α-amino acid by an enzymatic reductive amination reaction. In this manner, highly enriched phenylalanines are obtained on the 10-gram scale and with high enantiomeric purities (≥ 99% ee). The method has been validated by the synthesis of [1′-13C]-L-Phe and [2-D]-L-Phe. In addition, two methods are described for the introduction of isotopes into L-tyrosine starting from the isotopically enriched precursors benzonitrile and ethyl benzoate.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0947-3440
    Keywords: Peptaibol ; Zervamicin ; Synthesis ; Aib ; Fmoc ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The isotopically labelled C-terminal fragment of zervamicin, H-Hyp10-[4,4-2H2-Gln]-Aib-Hyp-Aib-Pro-Phl16, has been synthesized in solution by a Fmoc/tert-butyl strategy in 28% overall yield. The Fmoc group was removed by reaction for 2 min with 0.1 M NaOH in dioxane/methanol/water, (30:9:1, v:v:v). The couplings of the sterically hindered Aib residues were achieved by means of either BOP/DMAP activation or Fmoc-Aib-Cl. Acid deprotection of the peptide was performed by reaction with 50% TFA in CH2Cl2 for 30 min without significant cleavage of the acid-labile Aib-Pro and Aib-Hyp peptide bonds.
    Additional Material: 1 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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