Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary The distribution of acetylator phenotypes was studied in 244 unrelated Turkish subjects. Sulphadimidine and its acetylated metabolite were measured in 6 h plasma and 0–6 h urine samples after an oral dose of 10 mg/kg. Subjects with 37.5% or less acetylsulphadimidine in plasma were regarded as slow acetylators and the others as rapid acetylators. The mean plasma concentration of acetylsulphadimidine was about 2.5-times lower in slow acetylators. Urinary excretion of total sulphadimidine (free + acetylated) was also significantly lower in slow acetylators compared to rapid acetylators. The frequency of slow acetylators was 60.7% in the population (95% confidence interval 54.3% to 66.8%). Sulphadimidine acetylation showed no variation due to sex, age, body weight or pre-existing disease.
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