Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Background: The results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a group of transplant recipients were reviewed to determine the safety and efficacy of the procedure in the setting of immunosuppression. Methods: All solid-organ-transplant recipients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy over a 3-year period were reviewed. Indication for operation, conversion to open procedure, length of stay, and complications were characterized. These results were compared to the registry data of all laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed at the same institution. Results: There were 26 transplant patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy including renal, heart, double lung, and heart-lung recipients. The mean age was 47 years. Symptomatic cholelithiasis was the most common indication in 73% of patients followed by acute cholecystitis in 11%. Seven patients (27%) underwent conversion to an open procedure. Three patients (11.5%) experienced a minor complication in hospital. Median length of stay was 2.5 days. One patient died during a subsequent unrelated operation. These results compared favorably to the registry experience at the same institution where the mean age was 49 years, 24% of cases were performed for acute cholecystitis, there was a 10% complication rate, median length of stay was 2 days, and 3 deaths occurred in hospital. The only statistically significant difference was a lower conversion rate (11% vs 27%) in the registry vs transplant group. Conclusions: This experience confirms that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is as safe in the transplant population as the general population. Despite a slightly higher conversion rate to an open procedure, the advantages of short hospital stay, low morbidity, and early return to preoperative routines remain equivalent.
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