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  • Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy  (2)
  • Aggressive behavior  (1)
  • United States
  • 1985-1989  (3)
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Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 0030-493X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The ratio of the fragment ions at m/z 122 and m/z 123 in the positive ion fast atom bombardment or secondary ion mass spectra of thiamine hydrochloride varies with sample preparation and experimental conditions. For all mass spectra that contained significant abundances of matrix (S) ions [S + H]+, the fragment at m/z 123 is the more abundant of the two ions. If [S + H]+ ions are not observed in the mass spectrum under the conditions selected, the ion at m/z 122 is more abundant. This correlation suggests that hydrogen transfer to the fragment ion occurs in the gas phase, with the composition of the ion-solvent cluster ions in the selvedge region being the key factor. The ratio of the fragment ions at m/z 123 and m/z 122 is thus an indicator of the extent of protonation in the selvedge, the region immediately above the solvent surface created by primary particle bombardment.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Tryptophan ; Aggressive behavior ; Motor activity ; Social isolation ; Dopamine ; Serotonin ; Tolerance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract This study examined the interaction of dietary tryptophan (TRP) and differential housing on territorial-induced aggression, locomotor activity, and monoamine neurochemistry in mice. Groups of male CF-1 mice were singly-housed or group-housed and administered a semisynthetic basal diet supplemented with TRP (0.25–1.0%). Behavioral measures were taken at various intervals up to 2 weeks after dietary administration was instituted. Separate groups of mice were given the same experimental treatment and sacrificed for whole brain determination of the monoamines and their metabolites. Isolated mice were consistently more aggressive than grouped animals, suggesting that territorial-induced aggression is synergistic with intermale aggression based on social isolation. The combination of isolation and 0.50% TRP was particularly effective in producing increases in aggression that reached maximal levels after 10 days of diet administration. However, motor activity of singly-housed mice was unaffected by TRP, while that of grouped mice was decreased after 5 days of 0.50% TRP. By day 14 of administration behavioral changes tended to return to baseline levels. Neurochemical measures indicated increased DA and 5-HT turnover in isolated mice, with the 5-HT system most affected by dietary TRP. Because housing conditions were a prominent factor in the aggression and neurochemistry, the results suggest the involvement of both transmitter systems in this behavior. However, there were no changes in monoamine turnover that could account for the development of behavioral tolerance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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