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    Publication Date: 2011-02-11
    Description: Telomere dysfunction activates p53-mediated cellular growth arrest, senescence and apoptosis to drive progressive atrophy and functional decline in high-turnover tissues. The broader adverse impact of telomere dysfunction across many tissues including more quiescent systems prompted transcriptomic network analyses to identify common mechanisms operative in haematopoietic stem cells, heart and liver. These unbiased studies revealed profound repression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, coactivator 1 alpha and beta (PGC-1alpha and PGC-1beta, also known as Ppargc1a and Ppargc1b, respectively) and the downstream network in mice null for either telomerase reverse transcriptase (Tert) or telomerase RNA component (Terc) genes. Consistent with PGCs as master regulators of mitochondrial physiology and metabolism, telomere dysfunction is associated with impaired mitochondrial biogenesis and function, decreased gluconeogenesis, cardiomyopathy, and increased reactive oxygen species. In the setting of telomere dysfunction, enforced Tert or PGC-1alpha expression or germline deletion of p53 (also known as Trp53) substantially restores PGC network expression, mitochondrial respiration, cardiac function and gluconeogenesis. We demonstrate that telomere dysfunction activates p53 which in turn binds and represses PGC-1alpha and PGC-1beta promoters, thereby forging a direct link between telomere and mitochondrial biology. We propose that this telomere-p53-PGC axis contributes to organ and metabolic failure and to diminishing organismal fitness in the setting of telomere dysfunction.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3741661/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3741661/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Sahin, Ergun -- Colla, Simona -- Liesa, Marc -- Moslehi, Javid -- Muller, Florian L -- Guo, Mira -- Cooper, Marcus -- Kotton, Darrell -- Fabian, Attila J -- Walkey, Carl -- Maser, Richard S -- Tonon, Giovanni -- Foerster, Friedrich -- Xiong, Robert -- Wang, Y Alan -- Shukla, Sachet A -- Jaskelioff, Mariela -- Martin, Eric S -- Heffernan, Timothy P -- Protopopov, Alexei -- Ivanova, Elena -- Mahoney, John E -- Kost-Alimova, Maria -- Perry, Samuel R -- Bronson, Roderick -- Liao, Ronglih -- Mulligan, Richard -- Shirihai, Orian S -- Chin, Lynda -- DePinho, Ronald A -- P30 DK046200/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- P30DK079638/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA084628/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK035914/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK056690/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK063356/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- R01 DK089185/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- U24 DK-59635/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Feb 17;470(7334):359-65. doi: 10.1038/nature09787. Epub 2011 Feb 9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Belfer Institute for Applied Cancer Science, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21307849" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphate/biosynthesis ; Aging/metabolism/pathology ; Animals ; Cardiomyopathies/chemically induced/metabolism/pathology/physiopathology ; Cell Proliferation ; DNA, Mitochondrial/analysis ; Doxorubicin/toxicity ; Gluconeogenesis ; Hematopoietic Stem Cells/metabolism/pathology ; Liver/cytology/metabolism ; Mice ; Mitochondria/*metabolism/*pathology ; Myocardium/cytology/metabolism ; RNA/genetics ; Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism ; Telomerase/deficiency/genetics ; Telomere/enzymology/genetics/*metabolism/*pathology ; Transcription Factors/antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism ; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/deficiency/genetics/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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