Juvenile hormone biosynthesis
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Brain-retrocerebral complexes of female crickets,Gryllus bimaculatus andAcheta domesticus, treated with antibody to allatostatin-1 from a cockroach,Diploptera punctata, show extensive immunoreactivity. The results suggest that allatostatins or allatostatin-like molecules are produced in neurosecretory cells of the brain and are delivered to the corpora allata through nervous connections and/or via haemolymph. Radiochemical measurements of juvenile hormone III biosynthesis by isolated corpora cardiaca-corpora allata complexes from adultG. bimaculatus have been used to demonstrate an in vitro sensitivity of these glands to allatostatin-1 fromD. punctata. Allatostatin-1 is a relatively potent inhibitor of juvenile hormone III biosynthesis in corpora allata of both young adult females and males. In glands taken from 3-day virgin females, 50% inhibition of hormone biosynthesis is reached at ca. 3 nmol·l-1 allatostatin-1. The inhibitory action of allatostatin-1 is rapid, dose-dependent and reversible. Addition of 200 μmol·l-1 farnesol to the incubation medium prevents inhibition of juvenile hormone III biosynthesis by allatostatin-1. Juvenile hormone III biosynthesis by isolated corpora allata of 3-day female house crickets,A. domesticus, is also susceptible to inhibition by 1 μmol·l-1 allatostatin-1.
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