Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Amyloplasts ; Enzyme conversion ; Phosphorylose (starch) ; Senescence ; Solanum ; Starch phosphorylase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Phosphorylase was purified from young and senescent potato tubers. Antibodies raised against the enzyme from young tubers crossreacted with phosphorylase from old tissue, although the latter exhibited different physico-chemical properties. In polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis it migrated with higher mobility, its subunit molecular weight was determined in the range of 40,000 in contrast to 100,000 of the phosphorylase in young tubers. The enzyme of senescent tubers displayed an isoelectric point of 5.4 different from the one of young tubers with 5.0, and the diffusion coefficients of the two enzymes varied. The appearance of the phosphorylase form typical for senescent tissue is connected with changes in the intracellular localization as revealed by immunofluorescence. Before massive starch accumulation is initiated, non-vacuolated subepidermal cells contain antigenically active material in their cytoplasm. During starch accumulation in fully differentiated storage parenchyma, only amyloplasts fluoresce, indicating the presence of adsorbed phosphorylase protein. Cytoplasmic phosphorylase can be detected in the continuance of senescence and, finally, after 16 months of tuber storage, the particle-bound enzyme had mostly disappeared. Simultaneously, we observed membrane destruction and decomposition on the ultrastructural level. The phosphorylase from senescent potatoes is a converted molecule and seems to be formed by proteolytic cleavage. The location of phosphorylase in the amyloplasts during starch synthesis indicates that it also plays a role in starch synthesis and not only in its degradation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Filipin ; Lepidium ; Plasma membrane ; Root (membranes) ; Tonoplast
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Membranes from roots of Lepidium sativum L. were investigated in situ and after fractionation by applying morphological and biochemical methods. After freeze-fracture combined with filipin labelling the tonoplast and the plasma membrane could be easily characterized by the frequency of intramembranous particles and the arrangement of filipin-induced lesions. On tonoplast vesicles, the filipin-induced lesions were arranged in clusters of different size whereas they were evenly distributed on plasma membrane vesicles. Enrichment of tonoplast and plasma membrane in different fractions was documented by filipin labelling, phosphotungstic acid staining and by the profiles of marker enzyme activities and ATP-dependent H+-transport. Additionally, the presence of rightside-out and inside-out vesicles of both tonoplast and plasma membrane could be demonstrated. It was found that filipin labelling used in combination with freeze-fracturing is suitable for quantitative determinations of the percentages of tonoplast and plasma membrane in membrane fractions, which have been found to be more than 40% for the tonoplast and about 40% for plasma membrane in the respective enriched fractions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Chara ; Graviperception ; Lepidium ; Microfilament ; Microgravity ; Statolith (reduced gravitational field)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract During five rocket flights (TEXUS 18, 19, 21, 23 and 25), experiments were performed to investigate the behaviour of statoliths in rhizoids of the green alga Chara globularia Thuill. and in statocytes of cress (Lepidium sativum L.) roots, when the gravitational field changed to approx. 10−4 · g (i.e. microgravity) during the parabolic flight (lasting for 301–390 s) of the rockets. The position of statoliths was only slightly influenced by the conditions during launch, e.g. vibration, acceleration and rotation of the rocket. Within approx. 6 min of microgravity conditions the shape of the statolith complex in the rhizoids changed from a transversely oriented lens into a longitudinally oriented spindle. The center of the statolith complex moved approx. 14 μm and 3.6 μm in rhizoids and root statocytes, respectively, in the opposite direction to the originally acting gravity vector. The kinetics of statolith displacement in rhizoids demonstrate that the velocity was nearly constant under microgravity whereas it decreased remarkably after inversion of rhizoids on Earth. It can be concluded that on Earth the position of statoliths in both rhizoids and root statocytes depends on the balance of two forces, i.e. the gravitational force and the counteracting force mediated by microfilaments.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Lepidium ; Membrane protein ; Monoclonal antibody TOP 71 ; Plasma membrane ; Tonoplast
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Highly purified tonoplast and plasma-membrane vesicles isolated from roots of Lepidium sativum L. (garden cress) were used as a starting material for generating a monoclonal antibody against plant tonoplast. Tonoplast vesicles were isolated by discontinuous-sucrose-gradient centrifugation followed by free-flow electrophoresis. The deglycosylated tonoplast fraction was used to generate monoclonal antibodies by immunization of Balb/c-mice and by fusion of their β-lymphocytes with the mouse cell line X 63 Ag 8.653. Using plasma membrane purified by two-phase partitioning and freeflow electrophoresis to define the negative signal in screening, and purified tonoplast to define the positive signal in screening, a monoclonal antibody (TOP 71) was obtained which recognized a tonoplast protein of 71 kDa by immunoblotting in cress-root membrane fractions. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, affinoblotting and binding to concanavalin A showed that the TOP 71-antigen was a glycosylated protein and had an isoelectric point (pI) of 4.5. The TOP 71-antigen was found in the different tissues of organs of several higher plants (Glycine max L., Curcurbita pepo L., Zea mays L.) where it did not cross-react with the purified plasma-membrane fractions of these plants. Additionally, TOP 71 recognized its antigen in microsomal fractions of two lower plants (Chara globularis Thuili., Matteucia struthiopteris Tod.).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...