Key words Renal tubular transport
Renal cell carcinoma
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract This paper is the third of a long-term planned series of papers dealing with ex vivo investigations of drug transport in human kidney. The aims of this study are (a) to investigate whether or not human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can actively accumulate p-aminohippurate (PAH) and (b) to test the response of RCC on dexamethasone or triiodothyronine (T3) using tissue slices ex vivo. By this approach, the accumulation capacity of RCC should be stimulated as a prerequisite for an increased uptake of anti-tumour drugs. Tissue slices of RCC samples of 30 patients were incubated for 24 h in Williams medium E containing 0.01–50 μM dexamethasone or T3. Thereafter, slices were placed in PAH-containing Cross–Taggart medium, and PAH uptake into kidney tissue was measured for 2h under standardised conditions as described previously. In intact human renal cortical slices, PAH uptake capacity, expressed as slice to medium ratio (Q S/M), was about 2.8 ± 0.16 after 24 h of incubation and increased significantly in dexamethasone-containing medium in a concentration-dependent manner, up to ∼150%, whereas T3 did not influence PAH accumulation. On the other hand, in RCC the PAH accumulation capacity was completely abolished (Q S/M∼1). However, after administration of dexamethasone, the accumulated amount of PAH increased significantly in RCC tissue in a concentration-dependent manner, up to ∼190%. T3 was without effect in RCC, too. Surprisingly, the dexamethasone-mediated stimulation could be differentiated into responders and non-responders, with maximal effects at different concentrations for each patient. Nevertheless, the maximal transport rates remained low in RCC, even under hormone influence. In conclusion, a moderate stimulation of tubular transport capacity can be shown ex vivo in human RCC. This phenomenon is only of a relatively low degree compared with intact renal tissue. However, in principle, the response of RCC on dexamethasone could form a basis for further therapeutic strategies to overcome multi-drug resistance in RCC patients. For this purpose, additional experiments analysing the expression of transporters of the ABC cassette-type are in progress.
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