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  • Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy  (21)
  • Life and Medical Sciences  (21)
  • Humans  (9)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: The collision-induced dissociation of positively charged gold clusters (2-23 atoms) stored in a Penning trap has been studied. After collisions with rare gases, excited clusters predominantly decay by emission of one or two atoms. The loss of two atoms occurs most probably through the emission of a dimer rather than by a sequential evaporation. The minimum kinetic energies of clusters required to induce dissociation exhibit a pronounced odd-even effect. Clusters with an even number of delocalized electrons are more stable than those with an odd number.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: intermediate filaments ; microtubules ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Sea urchin spermatozoa, eggs, and embryos were labeled with the universal antibody against the intermediate filament proteins (anti-IFA) described by Pruss et al. [Cell 27:419-428, 1981] and with anti-beta-tubulin. Localization of these antibodies was by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. Cytoskeleton of unfertilized eggs, prepared according to a procedure adapted from Kane [Exp. Cell Res. 162:495-506, 1986] or as described by Dufresne et al. [Biochem. Cell Biol. 66:780-791, 1988], and reacted with the anti-IFA demonstrate a uniformly stained background except for the nuclear areas, which appear as dark rings. During the first cell cycle, the anti-IFA staining pattern coincides with that of spindle-associated tubulin but not with the cortical pattern of microtubules. Swimming embryos reacted with the anti-IFA show a labeling located on the cilia and within the cytoplasm of each individual cell of the larva. In spermatozoa, the labeling occurs all along the flagellae. Immunoblots of proteins from eggs and embryos reveal one major protein of 117 kDa and sometimes a component of 66 kDa, both of which cosediment with tubulin during the isolation procedure of microtubules described by Vallee and Bloom [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80:6259-6263, 1983]. These data show that proteins homologous to the intermediate filament proteins reported in vertebrate cells are present in both gametes of sea urchins. The specific localization ofthese proteins in the spindle, the flagella, and the cilia suggest that they may play a significant role in the organization and function of the microtubular lattice of the spermatozoa and of the embryo.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) ; Ion mobility detection (IMD) ; Capillary GC ; Capillary SFC ; Liquid Chromatography ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Ion mobility monitoring has been used for detection in gas, supercritical fluid, and liquid chromatography, illustrating its potential as a method of detection for unified chromatography. Applications presented include GC-IMD of dioxins in fly ash, SFC-IMD of vitamin E, and HPLC-IMD of alkylamines.Ion mobility spectra of several mixed supercritical fluid mobile phases are also presented. Use of methanol, acetonitrile, and dichloromethane as modifiers of supercritical carbon dioxide, and use of supercritical dichlorodifluoromethane and chlorodifluoromethane as mobile phases had little effect on the reactant ion pattern at the flow rates and concentrations used in this study. Only when acetone was used as a modifier of carbon dioxide did the positive reactant ions change significantly. No effect of modifiers or mobile phase was observed for the negative reactant ions.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry was used for the characterization of extracted and synthesized oligo(ethylene terephthalate)s. Generally, cyclic oligomers [GT]n could be found in technical yarns and tiles, whereas our synthesized model oligomers mainly consisted of linear chains H—[GT]n—G. In addition, some other distributions could be identified as H—[GT]n—OH and H—[GGT]1—[GT]n-1—G linear oligomers and H—[GGT]1—[GT]n-1 cyclic oligomers, where G is an ethylene glycol unit, GG is a diethylene glycol unit, caused by impurities of ethylene glycol, and T is a terephthalic acid unit. NMR and IR investigations were carried out to verify these results.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: intermediate filaments ; phosphorylation ; sea urchin embryos ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The effects of 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP) on the length of the cell cycle and on the state of phosphorylation of a putative intermediate filament protein, p117, have been studied in sea urchin embryos. Embryos were transferred into sea water containing 600 μM 6-DMAP at 0.5, 2 or 5 min after insemination, and incubated for 30 or 90 min. The effects of 6-DMAP on cell cycle length were studied by determining the time required for completion of mitosis upon return of the embryos in normal sea water. In all instances, except for the embryos transferred 0.5 min after insemination (AI) and incubated for 30 min, the duration of the M phase was shortened compared to controls, being faster in the embryos incubated for 90 minutes compared to the 30 min incubation period. However, embryos transferred 0.5 min AI have a longer M-phase than those transferred 2 minutes or later after fertilization, suggesting that between 0.5 and 2 min after fertilization, critical phosphorylating events occur which affect the commitment of the cells to enter M-phase.To study the pattern of p117 phosphorylation during the cell cycle, the eggs were transferred 2 minutes after fertilization in presence of 600 μM 6-DMAP and with 200 μCi/ml of 32P-orthophosphate. Analyses of 32P-labelled proteins after exposure of SDS-PAGE gels and their corresponding blots suggested that phosphorylation of p117 greatly increases at the time of pronuclear fusion, and then declines slightly at prophase-metaphase. This decrease is markedly enhanced when the cells are treated with 6-DMAP during metaphase in order to induce a premature breakdown of the mitotic apparatus. A causal link is suggested between the level of phosphorylation of p117 and its state of assembly. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 7 (1989), S. 28-34 
    ISSN: 0736-0266
    Keywords: Indomethacin ; Bone ingrowth ; Porous titanium implant ; Life and Medical Sciences
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The effects of indomethacin, a nonsteriodal antiinflammatory agent, on bone ingrowth were studied using a rabbit animal model and a porous cylindrical implant system. Bone ingrowth was found to be independent of pore size in the range tested (0.6-1.0 mm). In the control (placebo-treated) group, there was a significant increase in bone ingrowth between the 2- and 8-week groups of animals. However, in the indomethacin-treated group, there was no increase in bone ingrowth with time.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell
    Organic Magnetic Resonance 29 (1991), S. 1114-1118 
    ISSN: 0749-1581
    Keywords: 1-Pyrroline 1-oxides ; 2H-Pyrroles ; 1-Pyrrolines ; Oxaziridines ; 13C NMR ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: 13C NMR data for forty 1-pyrroline 1-oxides, six 2H-pyrrole 1-oxides, three 2H-pyrroles, eight 1-pyrrolines and four related oxaziridines are reported. Comparisons are made with respect to the five-membered ring carbons, subdividing them as the central carbons, the nitrone carbon and the gem-dimethyl-substituted carbon adjacent to nitrogen. The effects of substituents on the ring are also discussed.
    Additional Material: 8 Tab.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0749-1581
    Keywords: 13C NMR ; 2(5H)-Furanones ; 3(2H)-Furanones ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The 13C NMR spectra of a series of novel 2(5H)-furanones were studied. The assignments of the carbon resonances were made on the basis of chemical shifts, long-range carbon-hydrogen couplings, intarnal comparison and known reference sources.
    Additional Material: 3 Tab.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1059-910X
    Keywords: Heparan sulfate proteoglycans ; Nephrogenesis ; Glomerular basement membranes ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Notes: In vivo labeling of infant rat and mouse glomerular basement membranes (GBMs) with polyclonal anti-laminin IgGs results in binding across the full widths of GBMs at all stages of development. These stages include the pre-fusion, double basement membranes found beneath endothelial cells and podocytes in early glomeruli, and the subepithelial matrix outpockets where newly synthesized GBM is spliced into fused basement membrane during glomerular maturation. Identical binding results are obtained either with peroxidase or post-embedding immunogold techniques. Although injected cationized ferritin also binds abundantly to all developing GBMs, it quickly disappears and, 24 hours after injection, is generally absent from GBMs but remains within mesangial matrices. Injection of newborn mice with monoclonal anti-laminin IgGs results in dense labeling of pre-fusion GBMs but post-fusion GBMs and subepithelial outpockets are weak-negative. Although masking can not be excluded, these results indicate that laminin epitopes are removed during GBM fusion and splicing, either by isoform substitution or proteolytic processing. The loss of bound cationized ferritin is believed to occur mainly through rapid turnover of GBM proteoglycans. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The arteries and veins of the heart of the beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) are described from the dissection of nine specimens. The arterial distribution is composed of the basic mammalian pattern of two major vessels, the left and right coronary arteries, which supply the cardiac tissue. The venous drainage is provided by three major systems which are the great, middle, and small cardiac veins. The vascular characteristics of the heart of the beluga whale are the marked sinuosity of both coronary arteries and their main branches, the numerous large interarterial anastomoses between major vessels, and the duplication of vessels in parallel branches. These characteristics are discussed in functional terms and correlated with the diving ability of the species.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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