Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-05-20
    Description: Gene expression is a multistep process that involves the transcription, translation and turnover of messenger RNAs and proteins. Although it is one of the most fundamental processes of life, the entire cascade has never been quantified on a genome-wide scale. Here we simultaneously measured absolute mRNA and protein abundance and turnover by parallel metabolic pulse labelling for more than 5,000 genes in mammalian cells. Whereas mRNA and protein levels correlated better than previously thought, corresponding half-lives showed no correlation. Using a quantitative model we have obtained the first genome-scale prediction of synthesis rates of mRNAs and proteins. We find that the cellular abundance of proteins is predominantly controlled at the level of translation. Genes with similar combinations of mRNA and protein stability shared functional properties, indicating that half-lives evolved under energetic and dynamic constraints. Quantitative information about all stages of gene expression provides a rich resource and helps to provide a greater understanding of the underlying design principles.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Schwanhausser, Bjorn -- Busse, Dorothea -- Li, Na -- Dittmar, Gunnar -- Schuchhardt, Johannes -- Wolf, Jana -- Chen, Wei -- Selbach, Matthias -- England -- Nature. 2011 May 19;473(7347):337-42. doi: 10.1038/nature10098.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, Robert-Rossle-Str. 10, D-13092 Berlin, Germany.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21593866" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Gene Expression Profiling/*methods ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; Half-Life ; Mammals/genetics ; Mice ; Models, Genetic ; NIH 3T3 Cells ; Protein Biosynthesis/genetics ; Proteins/*analysis/genetics/metabolism ; RNA, Messenger/*analysis/biosynthesis/genetics/metabolism ; Reproducibility of Results ; Staining and Labeling
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-04-29
    Description: Innate immune cells must be able to distinguish between direct binding to microbes and detection of components shed from the surface of microbes located at a distance. Dectin-1 (also known as CLEC7A) is a pattern-recognition receptor expressed by myeloid phagocytes (macrophages, dendritic cells and neutrophils) that detects beta-glucans in fungal cell walls and triggers direct cellular antimicrobial activity, including phagocytosis and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In contrast to inflammatory responses stimulated upon detection of soluble ligands by other pattern-recognition receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), these responses are only useful when a cell comes into direct contact with a microbe and must not be spuriously activated by soluble stimuli. In this study we show that, despite its ability to bind both soluble and particulate beta-glucan polymers, Dectin-1 signalling is only activated by particulate beta-glucans, which cluster the receptor in synapse-like structures from which regulatory tyrosine phosphatases CD45 and CD148 (also known as PTPRC and PTPRJ, respectively) are excluded (Supplementary Fig. 1). The 'phagocytic synapse' now provides a model mechanism by which innate immune receptors can distinguish direct microbial contact from detection of microbes at a distance, thereby initiating direct cellular antimicrobial responses only when they are required.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084546/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3084546/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Goodridge, Helen S -- Reyes, Christopher N -- Becker, Courtney A -- Katsumoto, Tamiko R -- Ma, Jun -- Wolf, Andrea J -- Bose, Nandita -- Chan, Anissa S H -- Magee, Andrew S -- Danielson, Michael E -- Weiss, Arthur -- Vasilakos, John P -- Underhill, David M -- AI066120/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- AI071116/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI066120/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI066120-05/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI071116/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- R01 AI071116-04/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2011 Apr 28;472(7344):471-5. doi: 10.1038/nature10071.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉IBD and Immunobiology Research Institute, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21525931" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antigens, CD45/deficiency/metabolism ; Cell Wall/chemistry/immunology ; Cells, Cultured ; Humans ; Immunity, Innate/*immunology ; Immunological Synapses/*immunology ; Lectins, C-Type ; Macrophages/immunology ; Membrane Proteins/deficiency/genetics/*immunology ; Mice ; *Models, Immunological ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/deficiency/genetics/*immunology ; Phagocytosis/*immunology ; Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism ; Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 3/deficiency/metabolism ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/chemistry/immunology ; Signal Transduction/immunology ; Solubility ; beta-Glucans/chemistry/immunology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-02-15
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Schwanhausser, Bjorn -- Busse, Dorothea -- Li, Na -- Dittmar, Gunnar -- Schuchhardt, Johannes -- Wolf, Jana -- Chen, Wei -- Selbach, Matthias -- England -- Nature. 2013 Mar 7;495(7439):126-7. doi: 10.1038/nature11848. Epub 2013 Feb 13.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23407496" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Blotting, Western ; Chromatography, Liquid ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; Humans ; Mass Spectrometry ; Mice ; NIH 3T3 Cells ; *Protein Biosynthesis ; Proteins/*analysis/genetics ; RNA, Messenger/analysis/genetics ; Reference Standards ; Reproducibility of Results ; Sea Urchins/embryology/genetics
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-03-19
    Description: Expansions of a hexanucleotide repeat (GGGGCC) in the noncoding region of the C9orf72 gene are the most common genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia. Decreased expression of C9orf72 is seen in expansion carriers, suggesting that loss of function may play a role in disease. We found that two independent mouse lines lacking the C9orf72 ortholog (3110043O21Rik) in all tissues developed normally and aged without motor neuron disease. Instead, C9orf72 null mice developed progressive splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy with accumulation of engorged macrophage-like cells. C9orf72 expression was highest in myeloid cells, and the loss of C9orf72 led to lysosomal accumulation and altered immune responses in macrophages and microglia, with age-related neuroinflammation similar to C9orf72 ALS but not sporadic ALS human patient tissue. Thus, C9orf72 is required for the normal function of myeloid cells, and altered microglial function may contribute to neurodegeneration in C9orf72 expansion carriers.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉O'Rourke, J G -- Bogdanik, L -- Yanez, A -- Lall, D -- Wolf, A J -- Muhammad, A K M G -- Ho, R -- Carmona, S -- Vit, J P -- Zarrow, J -- Kim, K J -- Bell, S -- Harms, M B -- Miller, T M -- Dangler, C A -- Underhill, D M -- Goodridge, H S -- Lutz, C M -- Baloh, R H -- GM085796/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- NS069669/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS078398/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS087351/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- UL1TR000124/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2016 Mar 18;351(6279):1324-9. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf1064.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. ; The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME, USA. ; Division of Biomedical Sciences, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. ; Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. ; Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. Department of Neurology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26989253" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aging/immunology ; Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/genetics/*immunology ; Animals ; Frontotemporal Dementia/genetics/*immunology ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/genetics/*physiology ; Heterozygote ; Humans ; Lymphatic Diseases/genetics/immunology ; Macrophages/*immunology ; Mice ; Mice, Knockout ; Microglia/*immunology ; Myeloid Cells/*immunology ; Proteins/genetics/*physiology ; Rats ; Splenomegaly/genetics/immunology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...