Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Ankylosing spondylitis  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1437-160X
    Keywords: Ankylosing spondylitis ; MAS ; Cytokines ; Whole blood assay
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In this study we compared cytokine production and cell proliferation of immunocompetent cells derived from patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) to those from healthy blood donors using a whole blood assay. To this end, blood cell cultures were stimulated with the superantigens MAS (Mycoplasma arthritidis supernatant) and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) and the plant lectins phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and concanavalin A (Con A). The number of white blood cells (WBC) and lymphocyte subsets were also determined. Cell proliferation and levels of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured after stimulation with the different mitogens. An ELISA test was used to analyse supernatant cytokine levels. Individuals with AS showed significantly lower IFN-γ concentrations and markedly lower cell proliferation rates with all tested mitogens than healthy controls, while there was no significant difference in IL-6 synthesis. IL-Iβ levels were slightly impaired in the patient group, but only blood cell cultures stimulates with MAS showed a statistical significance. Furthermore, there was a significant elevation of leucocytes and lymphocytes in patients with AS resulting in higher numbers of CD4-positive cells, which implies a higher CD4:CD8 cell ratio. CD19- and CD8-positive cells were not significantly distinct compared to healthy controls. This deviation in cytokine levels and cell proliferation points to a suppression of T lymphocytes. A disturbed T-lymphocyte function may play a part in the pathogenesis of AS.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1437-160X
    Keywords: Interferon gamma ; MAS ; Ankylosing spondylitis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We have examined proliferation of and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production by peripheral blood lymphocytes induced by a purified mitogen derived from mycoplasma arthritidis (MAS) in patients with seronegative spondyloarthropathies and healthy individuals. In all patients and healthy controls MAS exerted a potent nonspecific lymphoproliferation. In contrast, only patients with ankylosing spondylitis (ASp) showed a strong IFN-gamma production after stimulation with MAS. The maximal IFN-gamma response was observed in HLA-B27+/HLA-DQw3+ patients. However, healthy controls with the HLA-DQw3 haplotype with or without the presence of HLA-B27 exhibited also a slight but statistically not significant increase of IFN-gamma production. Moreover, in this study we have found an enhanced frequency of HLA-DQw3 in patients with ASp and reactive arthritis. This immunogenetic association explains the enhanced lymphocyte reactivity in these inflammatory rheumatic disorders to mycoplasmal antigens.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...