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  • Annexin  (1)
  • CELLS  (1)
  • ELISA  (1)
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  • 1
    Keywords: CELLS ; AGENTS ; human ; THERAPY ; CLASSIFICATION ; DIAGNOSIS ; SYSTEM ; TOOL ; DIFFERENTIATION ; MOLECULES ; TISSUE ; ANTIGEN ; ANTIGENS ; BIOLOGY ; MOLECULE ; antibodies ; antibody ; GLYCOPROTEIN ; SURFACE ; STRATEGIES ; pathology ; NOMENCLATURE ; AGENT ; RE ; interaction ; IMMUNE-SYSTEM ; cell differentiation
    Abstract: The immune system works through leukocytes interacting with each other, with other cells, with tissue matrices, with infectious agents, and with other antigens. These interactions are mediated by cell-surface glycoproteins and glycolipids. Antibodies against these leukocyte molecules have provided powerful tools for analysis of their structure, function, and distribution. Antibodies have been used widely in hematology, immunology, and pathology, and in research, diagnosis, and therapy. The associated CD nomenclature is commonly used when referring to leukocyte surface molecules and antibodies against them. It provides an essential classification for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The most recent (8th) Workshop and Conference on Human Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens (HLDA), held in Adelaide, Australia, in December 2004, allocated 95 new CD designations and made radical changes to its aims and future operational strategy in order to maintain its relevance to modern human biology and clinical practice
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16020511
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: breast cancer ; ELISA ; invasion ; plasminogen activator ; urokinase receptor
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is a proteolytic enzyme involved in degradation of the extracellular matrix during cancer invasion. The levels of uPA and its inhibitor PAI-1 in tumor extracts have previously been demonstrated to be of prognostic value in breast cancer as well as other types of cancer. We have previously characterized a specific cell surface receptor for uPA (uPAR) which strongly enhances the catalytic activity of uPA and is expressed during mammary cancer invasion. In order to quantitate uPAR in breast cancer tissue, we have now developed a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), with polyclonal catching antibodies and three monoclonal detecting antibodies. The detection limit of the assay is approximately 0.16 fmol of uPAR in a volume of 100 µl (1.6 pM). There is a linear relationship between signal and uPAR concentration up to at least 6.6 fmol per 100 µl (66 pM). Both free uPAR and uPAR in complex with uPA is detected. The recovery of an internal uPAR standard in breast cancer tissue extracts is above 87%. The intra-assay and inter-assay variation coefficients are 7% and 13%. In order to find a suitable buffer for extraction of various components of the uPA-system from breast cancer tissue, we tested buffers which previously have been used for optimal extraction of estrogen receptor (A), uPA (B), and uPAR (C). Buffer A and B extracted approximately 30% and 50%, respectively, of the amount of uPAR extracted with buffer C. Extracts of samples of breast cancer tissue from 94 patients all contained uPAR in amounts above the detection limit of the present assay, which appears suitable for studies of the potential prognostic value of uPAR in this disease. Significant correlations were found between uPAR, uPA and PAI-1 tumor levels.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Annexin ; Calcium binding ; Golgi-mediated secretion ; Pisum (annexin-like protein)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract As part of a study to identify potential targets of calcium action in plant cells, a 35-kDa, annexin-like protein was purified from pea (Pisum sativum L.) plumules by a method used to purify animal annexins. This protein, called p35, binds to a phosphatidylserine affinity column in a calcium-dependent manner and binds 45Ca2+ in a dot-blot assay. Preliminary sequence data confirm a relationship for p35 with the annexin family of proteins. Polyclonal antibodies have been raised which recognize p35 in Western and dot blots. Immunofluorescence and immunogold techniques were used to study the distribution and subcellular localization of p35 in pea plumules and roots. The highest levels of immunostain were found in young developing vascular cells producing wall thickenings and in peripheral root-cap cells releasing slime. This localization in cells which are actively involved in secretion is of interest because one function suggested for the animal annexins is involvement in the mediation of exocytosis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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