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  • Arabidopsis thaliana  (4)
  • Springer  (4)
  • 1990-1994  (4)
  • 1970-1974
  • 1925-1929
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  • Springer  (4)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana ; Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) mutants ; Cloning ; Sequencing
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Data presented in this paper deal with a further molecular characterization of 2 out of 32 EMS-induced Arabidopsis ADH null mutants that we isolated previously. In order to localize and characterize each mutation at the molecular level, we have cloned and completely sequenced the R002 and R006 null mutant alleles. For mutant R002, which does not contain any detectable levels of ADH protein and mRNA, we have found that the mutation is due to a single C to T base pair substitution in the reading frame; this leads to the incorporation of a TAG stop codon (amber nonsense mutation). For mutant R006, which contains normal levels of inactive protein and mRNA levels, we found a G to A base pair transition. This gives rise to a Cys to Tyr amino acid substitution in the active site of the ADH enzyme.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-5028
    Keywords: amino acid biosynthesis ; aspartate kinase homoserine dehydrogenase ; gene structure ; Arabidopsis thaliana
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The gene encoding Arabidopsis thaliana aspartate kinase (ATP:L-aspartate 4-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.2.4) was isolated from genomic DNA libraries using the carrot ak-hsdh gene as the hybridizing probe. Two genomic libraries from different A. thaliana races were screened independently with the ak probe and the hsdh probe. Nucleotide sequences of the A. thaliana overlapping clones were determined and encompassed 2 kb upstream of the coding region and 300 bp downstream. The corresponding cDNA was isolated from a cDNA library made from poly(A)+-mRNA extracted from cell suspension cultures. Sequence comparison between the Arabidopsis gene product and an AK-HSDH bifunctional enzyme from carrot and from the Escherichia coli thrA and metL genes shows 80%, 37.5% and 31.4% amino acid sequence identity, respectively. The A. thaliana ak-hsdh gene is proposed to be the plant thrA homologue coding for the AK isozyme feedback inhibited by threonine. The gene is present in A. thaliana in single copy and functional as evidenced by hybridization analyses. The apoprotein-coding region is interrupted by 15 introns ranging from 78 to 134 bp. An upstream chloroplast-targeting sequence with low sequence similarity with the carrot transit peptide was identified. A signal sequence is proposed starting from a functional ATG initiation codon to the first exon of the apoprotein. Two additional introns were identified: one in the 5′ non-coding leader sequence and the other in the putative chloroplast targeting sequence. 5′ sequence analysis revealed the presence of several possible promoter elements as well as conserved regulatory motifs. Among these, an Opaque2 and a yeast GCN4-like recognition element might be relevant for such a gene coding for an enzyme limiting the carbon-flux entry to the biosynthesis of several essential amino acids. 3′ sequence analysis showed the occurrence of two polyadenylation signals upstream of the polyadenylation site. This work is the first report of the molecular cloning of a plant ak-hsdh genomic sequence. It describes a promoter element that may bring new insights to the regulation of the biosynthesis of the aspartate family of amino acids.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-5028
    Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana ; dihydrodipicolinate synthase ; functional complementation ; polymerase chain reaction ; poplar
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract A poplar DHDPS cDNA clone has been isolated by functional rescue of thedapA-deficient AT997 mutant ofEscherichia coli. By sequence comparison between the poplar and maize DHDPS cDNAs, two oligonucleotides were designed to perform polymerase chain reaction (PCR) onArabidopsis thaliana genomic DNA. The PCR fragment was subsequently used to isolate anArabidopsis DHDPS genomic and cDNA clone.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Dry seed ; Em-like genes ; Arabidopsis thaliana ; Abscisic acid ; Responsive genes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Using a radish cDNA probe, we have isolated and characterized two genomic clones from Arabidopsis thaliana (GEA1 and GEA6) encoding two different proteins that are homologous to the “Early methionine-labelled” (Em) protein of wheat. GEA1 differs from GEA6 and Em clones of wheat in that a sequence coding for 20 amino acid residues is tandemly repeated 4 times. These two genomic clones correspond to two genes named AtEm1 and AtEm6. Sequencing of several cDNA clones showed that both genes are expressed. The transcription start site was determined for both genes by RNase mapping. The site of polyadenylation is variable and there is no obvious consensus sequence for polyadenylation at the 3′ ends of the genes. mRNA corresponding to GEA6 is present only in nearly dry and dry seeds, whereas that corresponding to GEA1 appears in immature seeds and is maximum in dry seeds. No expression of either gene could be detected in leaf, stem, or floral buds. Expression of both genes could be detected in immature seeds when the siliques were incubated with abscisic acid (ABA), demonstrating that both genes are ABA responsive. However, examination of the 5′ upstream region does not reveal any extensive homology, suggesting that regulation of the two genes differs. In situ hybridization with a GEA1 probe demonstrated that the expression of this gene is essentially located in the provascular tissues of the cotyledons and axis of the dry seed as well as in the epiderm and outer layers of the cortex in the embryo axis.
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