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  • Autoradiography  (1)
  • Polymer and Materials Science
  • 1975-1979  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0025-116X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: 2D NMR spectra have been measured at variable temperatures between -100°C and +110°C in a sample of melt crystallized deuterated polyethylene (PE). The line shape could be decomposed into a central part originating from deuterons in the amorphous regions and outer parts from crystalline regions of PE. The “NMR crystallinity” determined from this separation was 72% in agreement with the X-ray crystallinity of 74%. Changes of the crystalline NMR line shape were interperted in terms of oscillations around the chain axis, the r.m.s. oscillation amplitude varying from 5° at 40°C to 12° at 110°C. The central part of the NMR line shape indicates the existence of a “narrow” and a “medium” component due to different motional processes in the amorphous regions.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1912
    Keywords: 14C-Toxiferine ; Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ; Motor endplate ; Endplate potential ; Autoradiography ; Saturation of drug binding sites
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary 1. To study the quantitative correlation between the stabilizing effect of toxiferine on the postsynaptic membrane and the number of drug binding sites at the motor endplate, experiments were performed on isolated mouse hemidiaphragms using combined electrophysiological and autoradiographic techniques. 2. The membrane stabilizing effect of 14C-toxiferine was investigated over a wide range of concentrations, in order to obtain not only muscle paralysis but the complete abolition of the endplate response to nerve stimulation. 3. Motor endplate activity was recorded intracellularly. For each concentration of the drug the percentage of endplates reacting to nerve stimulation with action potentials (a.p.), or with subliminal endplate potentials (e.p.p.), or being completely blocked, was determined. The mean amplitude of the e.p.p.'s was also calculated. 4. Reduction of the e.p.p. to an undetectable level required a concentration of 14C-toxiferine about 3 times greater than that which induced complete paralysis. 5. Correlation of these data with autoradiographic measurements demonstrated that decreasing e.p.p. amplitude corresponded to increasing values for the number of drug binding sites per endplate. Saturation was reached by that concentration which completely blocked the postsynaptic sensitivity to ACh. 6. It is concluded that at this concentration all the specific drug binding sites are occupied.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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