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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Open MRI ; Shoulder instability ; Gadolinium ; Apprehension test position ; Bankart lesion ; Hill-Sachs lesion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate an alternative MR assessment procedure for analysis of unstable shoulders. Twelve patients with unilateral recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation had both shoulders examined. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed with an open-MR system in the apprehension position with the shoulder in 90 ° of abduction and maximum tolerable external rotation. Contrast enhancement was achieved with intravenous gadolinium. Correlations were made to the findings at operation. In 10 of 12 unstable shoulders the inferior glenohumeral ligament labral complex (IGHLLC) was detached from the glenoid as seen on MR and later verified during surgery. In one shoulder MR was unable to show a capsulolabral detachment that was verified at surgery, whereas in one shoulder both MR and surgical assessment revealed no soft tissue detachment (accuracy 92 %). A Hill-Sachs lesion was visualized and verified in all unstable shoulders, whereas the stable controls revealed normal IGHLLC and no Hill-Sachs lesion. Open-MRI evaluation of the shoulder in the apprehension test position may become a useful tool for the evaluation of anterior shoulder instability.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2161
    Keywords: Key words Shoulder instability ; MRI ; Indirect arthrography ; Apprehension test position ; ABER position ; Bankart lesion ; Hill-Sachs lesion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Objective. The value of MRI for the evaluation of anterior shoulder instability can be enhanced by shoulder positions that stress the stabilising structures. The ABER position is one that has been described in combination with intra-articular gadopentetate dimeglumine arthrography. We believe that MRI in the Apprehension test position with 90° abduction and maximal tolerable external rotation provides maximum tension on the anterior stabilising structures and with this technique it is sufficient to use indirect gadodiamide arthrography following intravenous injection of the contrast medium. The purpose of this study was to make a prospective comparative evaluation of the ABER and Apprehension test positions when using indirect arthrography with intravenous gadodiamide administration in shoulders with anterior instability. Design and patients. Sixteen patients with persistent anterior instability after recurrent shoulder dislocations were examined in an open MRI unit (0.2 T) following 0.1 mmol/kg of intravenous gadodiamide. Oblique axial T1-weighted imaging was used for analysis. Operative findings were used for correlation. Results. Both the ABER and the Apprehension test position were useful techniques in detecting capsulolabral pathology and Hill-Sachs lesions. The Apprehension test position produced significantly better gadodiamide-enhanced joint fluid in the region of pathology in both the capsulolabral lesion and the Hill-Sachs lesion. It also visualised the size of the Hill-Sachs lesion significantly better than did the ABER position. Conclusion. MRI examination of anterior shoulder instability in the Apprehension test position was more beneficial than examination in the ABER position in visualising capsulolabral and Hill-Sachs lesions when using indirect arthrography.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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