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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Peptide Science 2 (1996), S. 381-391 
    ISSN: 1075-2617
    Keywords: conformational analysis ; crystal structure ; folded structures ; pseudopeptides ; reduced peptides ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Reduced dipeptides with the general formula RCO-Xaa- rXbb-N+HR′R′′ (rXbb, reduced analogue of residue Xbb: NH-Cα HR1 -Cr H2) are shown to adopt a folded conformation in solution and in the solid state. The protonated reduced amide bond is an active proton donor capable of interacting with a peptide carbonyl to give a strong hydrogen bond topologically equivalent to the i+2 or i+3⇒ i interaction. The resulting conformation is similar to the γ- or β-turn structure found in peptides and proteins.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: We report herein, the implementation of a second-order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) program on the IBM LCAP parallel supercomputers. The LCAP systems comprise IBM 308X hosts and 10 FPS-X64 attached processing units (APs). The APs are interconnected by a 512 Mbyte shared memory which allows rapid interprocessor communication. All the computationally demanding steps of the MP2 procedure execute efficiently in parallel. Parallel computation of two-electron integrals is accomplished by distributing the loop over shell blocks among the APs. Parallel Fock matrix formation is achieved by having each AP evaluate the contribution of its own integral sublist to the total Fock matrix. The contributions are added together on the host, and the sum diagonalized either on the host or on a single AP. The parallel implementations of the integral transformation and the MP2 calculation are less straightforward. In each case, the use of the shared memory is essential for an efficient implementation. Details of the implementations and performance data are given.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 13 (1992), S. 414-422 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: In ab initio Hartree - Fock crystal orbital calculations of chemical and physical properties of polymers, the huge number of two-electron integrals restricts the size of the elementary cell. Therefore, the question arises how the storage and computation resources of modern parallel supercomputers can be exploited. In this work, we report the parallelization of the one- and two-electron integral programs, respectively, for the parallel computer SUPRENUM. A short description of the hardware and software environment of this supercomputer is given. The results are discussed with respect to speed-up and efficiency.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Fraga potential calculations with atomic point charges and geometrical parameters calculated from AM1 calculations have been used to calculate spectral shifts upon electronic excitation in twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) systems due to intermolecular interactions. Changes of atomic polarizabilities have also been taken into account. Present calculations deal with absorption transitions of the p-N,N-dimethylaminobenzonitrile (DMABN) surrounded by methane, water, acetone, or acetonitrile solvent molecules. The methodology permits us to evaluate the influence of the solvent molecule on DMABN dimethylamino motions and to find the most stable conformation of a cluster configuration which can lead to a blue or red shift. The results have been compared with the experimental work of Warren et al.7 and confirm their analysis. © 1994 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: The conformational behavior of the C-terminal neurotensin pentapeptide, Arg-Pro-Tyr-Ile-Leu OH [NT(9-13)], was investigated using empirical energy calculations. A special aim was to display the specific contribution of each residue to induce conformations able to interact with biological receptors. Restrictions were then introduced in intramolecular interactions involving the Arg side chain and the terminal COOH group. The stablest conformations include in the order of decreasing stability: a distorted helical form for the C-terminal tetrapeptide, a (Pro2-Tyr3) β turn I, an α helix, an extended form, and a (Tyr2-Ile3) β turn III, which are energetically rather close (ΔE 〈 3 kcal/mol). The NT(9-13) peptide appears then as a rather flexible molcule with a noteworthy ability of adaptation to a substrate. Extended forms would be in agreement with a zipper model of interactions with receptors, whereas folded forms involving helices and β, γ turns would support a lock and key model. The specific contribution of side chains, specially those of Tyr and Arg residues as well as the key position of the Pro residue emerge clearly from this study.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: Symmetry methods employed in the ab initio polyatomic program HONDO are extended to the coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock (CPHF) formalism, a key step in the analytical computation of energy first derivatives for configuration interaction (CI) wavefunctions, and energy second derivatives for Hartree-Fock (HF) wavefunctions. One possible computational strategy is to construct Fock-like matrices for each nuclear coordinate in which the one- and two-electron integrals of the usual Fock matrix are replaced by the integral first derivatives. “Skeleton” matrices are constructed from the unique blocks of electron-repulsion integral derivatives. The correct matrices are generated by applying a symmetrization operator. The analysis is valid for many wavefunctions, including closed- or open-shell spin-restricted and spin-unrestricted HF wavefunctions. To illustrate the method, we compare the computer time required for setting up the coupled perturbed HF equations for eclipsed ethane using D3h symmetry point group and various subgroups of D3h. Computational times are roughly inversely proportional to the order of the point group.
    Additional Material: 1 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 7 (1986), S. 739-744 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: A new program for the molecular superposition of flexible molecules, IFMFIT (Improved or Interactive Flexible Molecular Fit), is presented. The essential new feature involves a complete revision of the representation of molecular structures making use of the briefly discussed Distance Matrix algorithm. A comparison is given between the input mode required by the original FMFIT program and that of our version as exemplified by the superposition of (R)-chrysanthemic acid and (S)-3-methyl-2-(parachlorophenyl)-butyric acid. This example demonstrates the superiority and the user-interactive character made possible by our IFMFIT version.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 15 (1994), S. 507-523 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: A fast computer algorithm is presented for complete analytical calculation of van der Waals surfaces and volumes. Connolly's analytical algorithms, computing second- and third-order atomic spheres overlaps, are shown to give insufficient numerical approximations of the exact van der Waals surfaces and volumes. The presented algorithm computes overlaps of any order. Practical situations frequently involve six-order overlaps. Analytical computed surfaces and volumes of 63 chemicals are compared with Monte Carlo measured values. © 1994 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: A description of the ab initio quantum chemistry package GAMESS is presented. Chemical systems containing atoms through radon can be treated with wave functions ranging from the simplest closed-shell case up to a general MCSCF case, permitting calculations at the necessary level of sophistication. Emphasis is given to novel features of the program. The parallelization strategy used in the RHF, ROHF, UHF, and GVB sections of the program is described, and detailed speecup results are given. Parallel calculations can be run on ordinary workstations as well as dedicated parallel machines. © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 16 (1995), S. 395-404 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: A parallel distributed implementation of the second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory method, widely used in quantum chemistry, is presented. Parallelization strategy and performance for the HONDO quantum chemistry program running on a network of Unix computers are also discussed. Superlinear speedups are obtained through a combined use of the CPU and memory of the different processors. Performance for standard and direct algorithms are presented and discussed. A superdirect algorithm that eliminates the communication bottleneck during the integral transformation step is also proposed. © 1995 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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