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  • Biochemistry and Biotechnology  (1)
  • Dextran-modified poly(methyl methacrylate) latex particles  (1)
  • (Acremonian)
  • 1995-1999  (1)
  • 1990-1994  (1)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 39 (1992), S. 1128-1132 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: lipolytic rates ; hydrolysis ; tributyrin ; Candida rugosa ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A dramatic change of the reaction rate was observed for the lipase-catalyzed hyrolysis of tributyrin in a batch reactor. Immediately after the addition of the enzyme, the lipolysis rate increased continuously until a maximal reaction rate was reached. The duration of the induction was mainly controlled by the bulk enzyme concentration and the reactor stirring speed. The reaction rate dropped sharply after reaching its maximal value. The lipolysis decayed at a rate of about 0.012 min-1, and was not affected by changes of the stirring speed. This decay was attributed to the fast deactivation of the surface-adsorbed lipase, and possibly to the extremely slow desorption of the inactivated species. For reaction time longer than 120 minutes, the lipolysis decreased at a much slower rate. Several mechanisms for the decay of the lipolysis rate were discussed.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1435-1536
    Keywords: Key words Isothermal equilibrium adsorption ; Concanavalin A ; Dextran-modified poly(methyl methacrylate) latex particles ; Electrostatic/affinity interactions
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Isothermal equilibrium adsorption experiments were carried out to study the adsorption of concanavalin A (Con A) on dextran-modified poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) latex particles. Three PMMA particles with various levels of dextran modification were selected for study: 0% (designated as D0), 1.24% (D20), and 2.45% (D75) based on total polymer weight. The Langmuir model is applicable to both D0 and D20 systems, although the data for the D20 system are somewhat scattered. On the other hand, the amount of Con A adsorbed per gram polymer particles (q*) versus the Con A concentration in water (c*) curve for the D75 system cannot be described by the Langmuir model. The deviation is attributed to the formation of a crosslinked network structure, caused by specific binding of the dimeric Con A molecules onto two neighboring particles with grafted dextran. The ratio of the initial number of Con A molecules to the initial number of active binding sites on the dextran-modified particle surface plays an important role in determining the structure of flocs formed. The maximum amount of Con A adsorbed on the particle surface (q max) is of the order of 10−1 μmol per gram particles and q max in decreasing order is D75 〉 D20 〉 D0. The dissociation constant of the Con A-D20 (or Con A-D75) pair is of the order of 10−1 μmol dm−3 which is 1 order of magnitude smaller than that of the Con A-D0 pair. Thus, the electrostatic interaction between Con A and D0 is much weaker than the affinity interaction between Con A and D20 (or D75). An empirical model is proposed to qualitatively explain the q* versus c* data.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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