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  • 1
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A silver staining method is described for detecting subnanogram amounts of DNA and RNA on polyacrylamide and agarose gels. The key step for increased sensitivity and linearity is an initial soaking of the gel in a 0.1% solution of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). Agarose-containing gels can be silver stained after treatment with formaldehyde. The methods described are comparatively rapid, extremely sensitive (≅ 150 pg of DNA) and inexpensive (0.4 g of AgNo per 25 ml of slab volume).
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Temperature gradient gel electrophoresis ; Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis ; Neurofibromatosis gene ; Mutation analysis ; Exon skipping ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We screened a total of 100 unrelated patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) for mutations in exons 5 and 8 of the NF1 gene using temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE). Careful interpretation of exon 5 TGGE patterns was necessary due to interference by an exonic polymorphism. Three novel mutations were identified: a stop mutation in exon 5 (Q239X) caused by a C→T transition at cDNA nucleotide position 715, a transition at the invariant G of the splice accceptor site in intron 4c (G655-1A), and a transversion at the invariant G of the splice donor site in intron 8 (G1185+1T). Analysis of mRNA revealed the predicted abnormal splice products. While skipping of exon 5 causes a shift in the reading frame with a premature stop codon downstream in the middle of exon 6, skipping of exon 8 leads to an in-frame deletion with the predicted protein product being shortened by 41 amino acids.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Temperature gradient gel electrophoresis ; Psoralen ; Bipolar clamping ; Heteroduplex ; Melting ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) is a rapid and sensitive screening method for point mutations and other small DNA alterations. Usually a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-product of 150 to 500 bp that has been clamped at one end by a psoralen molecule or a “GC-clamp” is tested for abnormal melting characteristics by electrophoresis in a temperature gradient. Under optimal conditions, a heterozygous mutation within the fragment is detected through the presence of three additional bands in the TGGE gel, the mutant homoduplex and two heteroduplex bands. However, the ideal pattern of four sharp bands is not always found due to inconsistencies in melting behavior along the sequence of the DNA fragment under study. Some of these fragments show fuzzy bands that may impede or even prevent the detection of a mutation. Here, we describe a method to overcome this problem by utilizing one psoralen clamp at each end of the PCR product. Using TGGE assays established for exons 16, 17, and 18 of the NF1 gene and for exon 14 of the FBN1 gene as examples, we show that bipolar clamping may transform blurred bands into sharp ones and may visualize mutations that could not be detected by conventional single-sided clamping.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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