Peptide nucleic acid monomers
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A new simple solid-phase method has been developed for synthesizing Boc-protected peptide nucleic acid (PNA) monomers. An immobilized backbone 3 was built on Expansin® resin using an ester disulphide handle: 2-hydroxypropyl-dithio-2′-isobutyric acid (HPDI). The base acetic acids of thymine 5, Z-cytosine 9, Z-adenine 12, and 6-O-benzyl guanine 17 were prepared and coupled to the immoblized backbone. The HPDI handle was cleaved under mild conditions by cyanolysis or assisted hydrolysis with tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP) to give undamaged PNA monomers. These monomers were coupled to form oligomers by solid-phase method with another disulphide linkage: aminoethyldithio-2-isobutyric acid (AEDI) grafted on an amino-functionalized TentaGel® resin, using in situ neutralization and TBTU as activating reagent. Final cleavage of the AEDI linker gave PNA bearing a cysteamide residue that could be useful for optimizing PNA properties. Oligomers of up to 16 residues long were assembled. © 1998 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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