Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
We present a method to search for possible binding modes of molecular fragments at a specific site of a potential drug target of known structure. Our method is based on a Monte Carlo (MC) algorithm applied tothe translational and rotational degrees of freedom of the probe fragment. Starting from a randomly generated initial configuration, favorable bindingmodes are generated using a two-step process. An MC run is first prformed in which the energy in the Metropolis algorithm is substituted by a score function that measures the average distance of the probe to the targetsurface. This has the effect of making buried probes move toward the targetsurface and also allows enhanced sampling of deep pockets. In a second MC run, a pairwise atom potential function is used, and the temperature parameter is slowly lowered during the run (Simulated Annealing). We repeat this procedure starting from a large number of different randomly generated initial configurations in order to find all energetically favourable docking modes in a specified region around the target. We test this method using two inhibitor-receptor systems: Streptomyces griseus Proteinase B in complex with the third domain of the ovomucoid inhibitor from turkey, and dihydrofolate reductase from E. Coli in complex with methotrexate. The method could consistently reproduce the complex found in thecrystal structure searching from random initial positions in cubes ranging from 25 Å to 50 Å about the binding site. In the case of SGPB, we were also successful in docking to the native structure. In addition, we were successful in docking small probes in a search that included the entire protein surface. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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