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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-05-28
    Description: Kessler et al. (Reports, 21 January 2011, p. 312) reported that methane released from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout, approximately 40% of the total hydrocarbon discharge, was consumed quantitatively by methanotrophic bacteria in Gulf of Mexico deep waters over a 4-month period. We find the evidence explicitly linking observed oxygen anomalies to methane consumption ambiguous and extension of these observations to hydrate-derived methane climate forcing premature.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Joye, Samantha B -- Leifer, Ira -- MacDonald, Ian R -- Chanton, Jeffery P -- Meile, Christof D -- Teske, Andreas P -- Kostka, Joel E -- Chistoserdova, Ludmila -- Coffin, Richard -- Hollander, David -- Kastner, Miriam -- Montoya, Joseph P -- Rehder, Gregor -- Solomon, Evan -- Treude, Tina -- Villareal, Tracy A -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 May 27;332(6033):1033; author reply 1033. doi: 10.1126/science.1203307.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Atlantic Ocean ; Biodegradation, Environmental ; Biomass ; *Environmental Pollution ; Hydrocarbons/analysis/metabolism ; Methane/analysis/*metabolism ; Oxidation-Reduction ; Oxygen/*analysis ; Oxygen Consumption ; *Petroleum ; Proteobacteria/growth & development/*metabolism ; Seawater/chemistry/*microbiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-06-23
    Description: Ecosystem respiration is the biotic conversion of organic carbon to carbon dioxide by all of the organisms in an ecosystem, including both consumers and primary producers. Respiration exhibits an exponential temperature dependence at the subcellular and individual levels, but at the ecosystem level respiration can be modified by many variables including community abundance and biomass, which vary substantially among ecosystems. Despite its importance for predicting the responses of the biosphere to climate change, it is as yet unknown whether the temperature dependence of ecosystem respiration varies systematically between aquatic and terrestrial environments. Here we use the largest database of respiratory measurements yet compiled to show that the sensitivity of ecosystem respiration to seasonal changes in temperature is remarkably similar for diverse environments encompassing lakes, rivers, estuaries, the open ocean and forested and non-forested terrestrial ecosystems, with an average activation energy similar to that of the respiratory complex (approximately 0.65 electronvolts (eV)). By contrast, annual ecosystem respiration shows a substantially greater temperature dependence across aquatic (approximately 0.65 eV) versus terrestrial ecosystems (approximately 0.32 eV) that span broad geographic gradients in temperature. Using a model derived from metabolic theory, these findings can be reconciled by similarities in the biochemical kinetics of metabolism at the subcellular level, and fundamental differences in the importance of other variables besides temperature-such as primary productivity and allochthonous carbon inputs-on the structure of aquatic and terrestrial biota at the community level.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Yvon-Durocher, Gabriel -- Caffrey, Jane M -- Cescatti, Alessandro -- Dossena, Matteo -- del Giorgio, Paul -- Gasol, Josep M -- Montoya, Jose M -- Pumpanen, Jukka -- Staehr, Peter A -- Trimmer, Mark -- Woodward, Guy -- Allen, Andrew P -- England -- Nature. 2012 Jul 26;487(7408):472-6. doi: 10.1038/nature11205.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉School of Biological & Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Biomass ; Biota ; Carbon/*metabolism ; Carbon Dioxide/*metabolism ; Cell Respiration ; Data Collection ; *Ecosystem ; *Global Warming ; Humans ; Kinetics ; Lakes ; Marine Biology ; *Oxygen Consumption ; Photosynthesis ; Rivers ; Seasons ; Seawater ; *Temperature ; Time Factors ; Trees/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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