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  • Articles  (3)
  • Arachidonic acid  (1)
  • Blood-brain barrier  (1)
  • Brassica campestris  (1)
  • Springer  (3)
  • 1995-1999  (3)
  • 1960-1964
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  • Articles  (3)
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  • Springer  (3)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5044
    Keywords: Brassica campestris ; B. napus ; B. oleracea ; cell division ; cell wall regeneration ; cotyledon protoplasts
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Protoplasts isolated from cotyledons of a number of cultivars of Brassica napus, B. campestris and B. oleracea were cultured in different media to study the characteristics of cell wall regeneration and cell division at early stages of culture. Time course analysis using Calcolfluor White staining indicated that cell wall regeneration began in some protoplasts 2–4 h following isolation in all cultivars. 30–70% of cultured cotyledon protoplasts exhibited cell wall regeneration at 24 h and about 60–90% at 72 h after the initiation of culture. Results also indicated that a low percentage (0.4–5.4%) of cultured cotyledon protoplasts entered their first cell division one day after initial culture in all twelve cultivars. The percentage of dividing cells increased linearly up to 40% from 1 to 7 day, indicating that cotyledon protoplasts of Brassica had a high capacity for cell division. Factors that influence the level of cell wall regeneration and cell division during cotyledon protoplast culture have been investigated in this study. Cotyledons from seedlings germinated in a dark/dim light regime provided a satisfactory tissue source for protoplast isolation and culture for all Brassica cultivars used. The percentages of protoplasts exhibiting cell wall regeneration and division were significantly influenced by cultivar and species examined, with protoplasts from all five cultivars of B. campestris showing much lower rates of cell wall regeneration than those of B. napus and B. oleracea over 24–120 h, and with the levels of cell division in B. napus cultivars being much higher than those in B. campestris and B. oleracea over 1–9 days. The capacity of cell wall regeneration and cell division in cotyledon protoplast culture of the Brassica species appears under strong genetic control. Cell wall regeneration in protoplast culture was not affected by the culture medium used. In contrast, the composition of the culture medium played an important role in determining the level of cell division, and the interaction between medium type and cultivars was very significant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-9699
    Keywords: Arachidonic acid ; isolation ; Mortierella ; soil
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Malt extract agar and an incubation temperature of 5 °C were used to selectively isolate representatives of the genus Mortierella from soil. Fungi in a soil sample from mountain grassland able to grow under these conditions, amounted to a total of 2640 colony forming units per gram soil. Circa 94% of the total fungal isolates represented Mortierella subgenus Mortierella. The rest of the colony-forming units consisted of Mucor isolates (6.0%) and higher fungi (1.5%). All the Mortierella isolates produced arachidonic acid.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-6903
    Keywords: Blood-brain barrier ; hypothalamic extract ; astrocyte ; capillary endothelial cells
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of hypothalamic extract, astrocyte co-culture, and astrocyte-conditioned medium on the barrier function of an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier. Porcine brain capillary endothelial cells were grown on polycarbonate membranes suspended between two chambers of media, representing the capillary lumen and brain interstitium. Endothelial cells grown alone and cocultured with astrocytes were cultured in growth medium with or without 50 μg/mL hypothalamic extract. An additional treatment consisted of endothelial cells cultured in growth medium that was first conditioned by astrocytes. Coculture consisted of a noncontact model with astrocytes attached to the bottom of the abluminal chamber. Barrier function of the endothelial cells was tested on days 1 through 9 post-seeding by measuring permeability to macromolecules (albumin) and small ions (electrical resistance). Resistance to the passage of macromolecules and small ions was greatest for endothelial cells grown without astro-cytes in growth medium supplemented with hypothalamic extract. This barrier was maximal during days 4 through 7 post-seeding and was significantly less permeable than the barrier formed by endothelial cells grown in un-supplemented growth medium, in coculture with astrocytes, or in astrocyte-conditioned medium. These results demonstrate that a noncontact coculture with astro-cytes did not enhance the integrity of this in vitro BBB model employing porcine brain capillary endothelial cells, but barrier function was increased when the model's medium was supplemented with hypothalamic extract.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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