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  • Brain infarction  (1)
  • excitatory amino acids  (1)
  • 1990-1994  (2)
  • 1970-1974
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  • 1990-1994  (2)
  • 1970-1974
Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: White matter lesions ; Cerebrovascular disease ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Brain infarction
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract To establish data about prevalence, number and topography of “unspecific” white matter lesions as seen on MRI, the T2-weighted MRI scans of 83 patients with hyperintense focal white matter changes were reviewed. Patients with known inflammatory central nervous system disease were excluded. There was an approximately linear increase in prevalence and number of lesions with age. Prevalence ranged from 18% in the third decade to over 90% in those over 70 years. We found a close correlation with concomitant periventricular hyperintensity. However, rating of Virchow-Robin spaces did not correlate with the number of white matter lesions. Both hemispheres were involved nearly equally with a minimal non-significant right side preponderance. Lesions showed a strong predilection for the frontal and parietal paraventricular “watershed” areas.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1435-1463
    Keywords: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome ; magnetic resonance imaging ; white matter pathology ; venous sinus thrombosis ; vasculitis ; dopamine ; excitatory amino acids ; glutamate
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The case of a young female patient with neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and extended MRI white matter hyperintensity in the left parietal and both occipital lobes is reported. MRI lesions resembled findings in hypertensive encephalopathy, they were not readily compatible with CNS vasculitis. Venous sinus thrombosis could be ruled out. Vascular encephalopathy with transient white matter edema and a small residual left parietal lesion is suggested. Neurochemical implications are discussed with particular reference to a possible involvement of excitatory amino acids in NMS pathogenesis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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