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  • Immunotherapy  (2)
  • Breast cancer  (1)
  • Springer  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Breast cancer ; CD4+ T cells ; MHC-class-II-restriction ; Cytokine secretion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were derived from primary breast tumors, metastatic lymph nodes and malignant pleural effusions from 34 patients with breast cancer. TIL were cultured for approximately 30 days and studied for phenotype, cytotoxicity, and the ability to secrete cytokines in response to autologous tumor stimulation. Tumor specimens were obtained from two different sites in 7 patients, resulting in 41 samples from which 38 TIL cultures were established. In addition to screening 38 bulk TIL cultures, TIL from 21 patients were separated into CD4+ and CD8+ subsets and extensively studied. Three CD4+ TIL were found specifically to secrete granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor and tumor necrosis factor α when stimulated by autologous tumor and not by a large panel of stimulators (24–34) consisting of autologous normal cells, allogeneic breast or melanoma tumors and EBV-B cells. This cytokine release was found to be MHC-class-II-restricted, as it was inhibited by the anti-HLA-DR antibody L243. These 3 patients' EBV-B cells, when pulsed with tumor lysates, were unable to act as antigen-presenting cells and induce cytokine secretion by their respective CD4+ TIL. These findings demonstrate that MHC-class-II-restricted CD4+ T cells recognising tumor-associated antigens can be detected in some breast cancer patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Draining lymph nodes ; T cells ; Gene modification ; Immunotherapy ; Interferon γ
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Gene modification of tumor cells with the cDNA for interferon γ (IFNγ) has been shown to increase the immunogenicity of some tumor cells. In order to explore further the possible therapeutic relevance of these previous findings, two clones of the nonimmunogenic MCA-102 fibrosarcoma of C57BL/6 origin were retrovirally transduced with the cDNA encoding murine IFNγ: 102.4JK (4JK), a clone with relatively high major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I expression, and 102.24JK (24JK), a clone with low expression of surface MHC class I molecules. Retroviral transduction of tumor cells with the cDNA encoding for IFNγ resulted in a substantial up-regulation of MHC class I surface expression in the 24JK clone but little change of class I in the 4JK clone. In an attempt to generate antitumor lymphocytes, these gene-modified cells were inoculated into mouse footpads and draining lymph nodes (DLN) were removed, dispersed, and cultured in vitro for 10 days with irradiated tumor cells and interleukin-2. DLN from mice bearing either unmodified tumor or tumor transduced with cDNA encoding neomycin resistance (Neo R) or IFNγ, were used to treat recipients harboring 3-day pulmonary metastases induced by the parental, unmodified tumor. Treatment with DLN cells obtained following the injection of 24JK tumor cells modified with the gene for IFNγ significantly reduced the number of pulmonary metastases in four separate experiments, compared to groups treated by DLN cells generated from inoculation of either the unmodified, parental 24JK clone or the same clone transduced with theNeo R gene only. In contrast, DLN cells induced either by IFNγ-transduced 4JK (high expression of MHC class I) or an unmodified 4JK tumor (moderate expression of MHC class I) had significant but equal therapeutic efficacy. Although the in vitro growth rate of tumor cell lines was unaffected by the insertion of the mouse IFNγ cDNA, their in vivo (s.c.) growth rates were significantly slower than those of the nontransduced tumors. Thus, after retroviral transduction of the murine IFNγ cDNA into a nonimmunogenic tumor with a very low level of surface expression of MHC class I, modified tumor cells could elicit therapeutic T cells from DLN capable of successfully treating established pulmonary metastases upon adoptive transfer. This strategy significantly confirms previous observations on the potential therapeutic effects of gene modification of tumor cells with IFNγ and extends the realm of therapeutic possibilities to include the use of DLN cells for the development of T-cell based immunotherapies against nonimmunogenic human tumors.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Keywords: Melanoma ; MAGE-1 ; Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes ; Immunotherapy ; Peptide
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The MAGE-1 gene encodes a tumor-specific antigen, MZ2-E, which is recognized by cloned, specific cytolytic T cells (CTL) derived from the peripheral blood of a patient with melanoma. We have produced a MAGE-1-specific CTL line derived from the tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) of a melanoma patient by weekly restimulation with autologous EBV-B cells pulsed with the synthetic HLA-A1-restricted MAGE-1 epitope nonapeptide EADPTGHSY. The 1277. A TIL line grew in long-term culture in low-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-4, and exhibited antigen-specific, MHC-class-I-restricted lysis of HLA-A1-bearing MAGE-1+ cell lines. Cytolysis of target cells pulsed with the synthetic MAGE-1 decapeptide KEADPTGHSY was superior to that of cells pulsed with the immunodominant nonapeptide. Single amino-acid or even side-chain substitutions in the immunodominant nonamer abrogated cytolysis. 1277. A TIL specifically secreted tumor necrosis factor α after co-incubation with HLA-A1-expressing MAGE-1+ cell lines or fresh tumor. These data suggest that tumor-antigen-specific, MHC-restricted CTL may be grown from TIL in the presence of synthetic epitope peptides and expanded for adoptive immunotherapy in melanoma patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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