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  • Articles  (2)
  • Arterial complications  (1)
  • Budd-Chiari syndrome, liver transplantation  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2277
    Keywords: Liver transplantation, Budd-Chiari syndrome ; Hemoglobinuria, liver transplantation ; Budd-Chiari syndrome, liver transplantation ; PNH, Budd-Chiari syndrome, liver transplantation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A 54-year-old male patient with end-stage liver failure from Budd-Chiari syndrome due to paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) underwent liver transplantation (OLT) in 1989. Retransplantation became necessary 1 year later when thrombotic occlusion of the portal vein and common hepatic artery led to graft loss after withdrawal of anticoagulation therapy because of several gastrointestinal bleeding episodes. The patient is now alive 3 years after the first OLT. To the best of our knowledge and according to the literature, this is, to date, the longest that any PNH patient has survived after liver transplantation. Although the course of this patient was complicated in a way similar to that reported for other cases in the literature, patients with PNH should not, in principle, be excluded from liver transplantation. Lifelong anticoagulation with coumarin and the use of steroids together with cyclosporin reduce the risk of recurrent thrombosis and PNH crises.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2277
    Keywords: Key words Liver transplantation ; Arterial complications
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract From September 1988 through April 1998, 1000 liver transplantations were performed on 911 patients. During the postoperative control examinations of 837 patients, we found 23 (2.74 %) with hepatic artery thromboses, 27 stenoses of the hepatic artery (3.22 %), and 6 aneurysms of the graft artery. Seventeen patients underwent retransplantation because of arterial complications. Depending on the clinical symptoms, we treated both the local situation as well as the resulting complications of inadequate arterial graft flow. The aneurysms were primarily treated surgically. The first choice of treatment of stenoses was balloon angioplasty. Early postoperative artery thromboses were also treated surgically by thrombectomy in selected cases. For the resulting biliary and local septic complications we preferred endoscopic and drainage procedures. Our clinical experiences have led us to find pretransplantation angiography recommendable, especially in the case of splanchnic artery stenoses, for bypassing from the aorta for arterial perfusion of the graft.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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