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  • DKFZ Publication Database  (9)
  • CANCER  (7)
  • chronic atrophic gastritis  (4)
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  • DKFZ Publication Database  (9)
Keywords
  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; POPULATION ; RISK ; PROTEIN ; INFECTION ; ASSOCIATION ; antibodies ; PLASMA ; PREVALENCE ; GASTRIC-CANCER ; RANDOMIZED-TRIAL ; FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE ; ABSORPTION ; ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL ; SUPPLEMENTATION ; SOUTHERN COMMUNITY COHORT ; CAROTENE CONCENTRATIONS
    Abstract: High prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), the leading cause of gastric cancer, and low levels of micronutrients have been observed in many developing countries, and the question remains as to the whether an association between the 2 exists. The present study seeks to further our understanding of this potential connection in the Southern Community Cohort Study, representing a low-income population in the United States. Blood levels of antibodies to H. pylori proteins were assessed by multiplex serology for a sample of 310 African American and white participants, ages 40 to 79 years. Blood collected at baseline was also assayed for levels of carotenoids, tocopherols, retinol, and folate. Multivariate linear regression was used to calculate least-squares mean micronutrient levels within groups defined by H. pylori status. The mean serum levels of all micronutrients assayed were lower among H. pylori+ individuals than H. pylori- individuals, significantly for beta-carotene, folate, and retinol (decreases of 27.6%, 18.6%, and 9.7%, respectively). Individuals who were seropositive to the virulent CagA+ H. pylori strains had even lower mean levels of micronutrients, particularly beta-carotene, folate, total carotenoids, and retinol (decreases of 38.9%, 19.1%, 17.0%, and 11.7%, respectively, compared with H. pylori- individuals). However, dietary micronutrient levels as derived from a food frequency questionnaire did not vary between groups defined by H. pylori status. These results provide support for the hypothesis that H. pylori infection impairs nutrient absorption and suggest a need for future studies to explore the role of H. pylori infection on nutrition and gastric cancer risk in this high-risk population.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21436385
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  • 2
    Keywords: carcinoma ; DISEASE ; INFECTION ; BIOMARKERS ; CARDIA ; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL ; chronic atrophic gastritis ; BODY GASTRITIS ; IMMUNOBLOT ; ERADICATION
    Abstract: Because of the differences in bacterial epitopes and host characteristics, infections with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induce different immune responses. We explored the possibility that certain antibody response patterns are more closely linked to gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) than others. In a Swedish population-based case-control study, serum samples were obtained from 268 cases and 222 controls, aged 40-79 years and frequency-matched according to age and sex. We measured antibodies against 17 H. pylori proteins using multiplex serology. Associations were estimated with multivariably adjusted logistic regression models, using odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) as measures of relative risk. Associations were essentially confined to non-cardia GAC but did not differ significantly between intestinal and diffuse subtypes. Point estimates for all antibodies were above unity, 15 significant with top three being CagA (OR = 9.2), GroEL (6.6), HyuA (3.6). ORs were substantially attenuated in individuals with chronic atrophic gastritis. Principal component analysis identified two significant factors: a CagA-dominant factor (antibodies against CagA, VacA and Omp as prominent markers), and a non-CagA factor (antibodies against NapA and Catalase as prominent markers). Both factors showed dose-dependent associations with non-cardia GAC risk (CagA-dominant factor, highest vs. lowest quartiles, OR = 16.2 [95% CI 4.8-54.9]; non-CagA factor OR = 5.3 [95% CI 2.1-13.3]). Overall, our results confirm that serum antibodies against different H. pylori proteins are associated with the presence of non-cardia GAC. Although strongest association is detected by antibodies against CagA and covarying proteins, a pattern of antibodies unrelated to CagA is also significantly linked to the risk of non-cardia GAC.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24259284
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  • 3
    Keywords: CANCER ; COMBINATION ; Germany ; POPULATION ; RISK ; GENE ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; INFECTION ; ANTIGEN ; ANTIGENS ; ASSOCIATION ; IMMUNE-RESPONSES ; antibody ; IDENTIFICATION ; PROGRESSION ; WOMEN ; MEN ; GASTRIC-CANCER ; SERUM ; VIRULENCE ; USA ; INCREASED RISK ; RISK-FACTOR ; EXTENT ; PRECURSOR ; BACTERIA ; CAGA ; chronic atrophic gastritis ; IMMUNOPROTEOMICS ; INFECTED PATIENTS ; VIRULENCE FACTORS
    Abstract: Infection with Helicobacter pylori is a major risk factor for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), a precursor lesion of intestinal gastric cancer. The pathogenicity of the bacterium is thought to play an important role in determining the extent and severity of clinical outcome. We aimed to assess the associations between CAG and the serostatus of antibodies to 15 H. pylori proteins. The analyses were based on 534 cases with serologically defined CAG and 1,068 age-matched and sex-matched controls participating in a population-based study conducted in Saarland, Germany among 9,953 men and women ages 50 to 74 years. A newly developed H. pylori multiplex serology method was used to detect antibodies specific to 15 H. pylori antigens. Significant associations were observed between seropositivity for all 15 specific antibodies and the presence of CAG. Exclusion of severe cases, who might have lost the infection in the course of CAG progression, substantially increased the observed associations. In H. pylori-seropositive subjects, cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA), vacuolating toxin (VacA), helicobacter cysteine-rich protein C (HcpC), and the chaperonin GroEL were identified as independent virulence factors for CAG with adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of 3.52 (2.01-6.10), 3.19 (1.44-7.05), 4.03 (1.53-10.65), and 2.65 (1.06-6.62), respectively; the simultaneous presence of all four independent virulence factors was associated with an 18-fold risk of CAG. In conclusion, HcpC and GroEL were identified as new independent virulence factors, and in combination with the established virulence factors, CagA and VacA, were strongly associated with CAG. [Cancer Res 2009;69(7):2973-80]
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19318564
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  • 4
    Keywords: CANCER ; Germany ; QUANTIFICATION ; RISK ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; INFECTION ; MARKER ; ANTIGEN ; ANTIGENS ; ASSOCIATION ; antibodies ; antibody ; IDENTIFICATION ; MARKERS ; cancer risk ; INDIVIDUALS ; PREDICTORS ; GASTRIC-CANCER ; METAANALYSIS ; USA ; RISK STRATIFICATION ; CANCER-RISK ; CAGA ; chronic atrophic gastritis ; BODY GASTRITIS ; CONFIDENCE ; VIRULENCE FACTORS ; IMMUNOBLOT
    Abstract: Infection with Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of gastric cancer (GC). The association likely has been underestimated in the past due to disease-related clearance of the infection. On the other hand, only a minority of the infected individuals develop GC, and better risk stratification is therefore highly desirable. We aimed to assess the association of GC with antibodies to 15 individual H. pylori proteins, determined by novel multiplex serology, to identify potentially relevant risk markers. This analysis was based on 123 GC cases aged 50 to 74 years and 492 age-matched and sex-matched controls from Saarland, Germany. Eight of the antibodies were significantly associated Kith noncdardia GC and seven of them were significantly related to GC at any site. More pronounced associations were observed for noncardia GC; adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) ranged from 1.60 (1.01-2.54) for HyuA to 5.63 (3.20-9.91) for cytotoxin-associated antigen A (CagA). A dose-response relationship was found between the number of seropositivities and GC (P 〈 0.001). The seropositivities of CagA and GroEL were found to be independent predictors of GC, which were strongly related to GC risk in a dose-response manner (P 〈 0.001). In conclusion, GroEL was identified as a new independent risk marker that may contribute to enhanced quantification of H. pylori-related GC risk. [Cancer Res 2009;69(15):6164-70]
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19602590
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  • 5
    Keywords: CANCER ; EPIDEMIOLOGY ; HEPATOCELLULAR-CARCINOMA ; PROTEINS ; INFECTION ; IMPACT ; ASSOCIATION ; antibodies ; PREVALENCE ; glutathione-S-transferase ; ONCOLOGY ; ASSOCIATIONS ; serology ; Mongolia ; POLYOMAVIRUSES
    Abstract: Background: To establish antibody analysis from dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper for seroepidemiologic infection and cancer association studies, we analyzed data from a population-based study in Mongolia. Methods: Using multiplex serology, we analyzed 985 paired DBS and serum samples from the same donors for antibodies to 12 different proteins from four groups of infectious agents: human papillomaviruses (HPV), Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and JC polyomavirus (JCV). Results: Quantitative antibody reactivities in serum and DES showed good correlation, with median correlation coefficients (Pearson R-2) of 0.88 (range, 0.80-0.90) for high-titer (i.e., H. pylori, HCV, JCV) and 0.79 (range, 0.72-0.85) for low-titer antibodies (i.e., HPV). For high-titer antibodies, serum and DBS data were comparable (median slope of linear trend line, 1.14; range, 1.09-1.21), whereas for low-titer antibodies, DBS reactivities were lower than in serum (median slope, 0.54; range, 0.50-0.80). By extrapolating seropositivity cutoff points previously defined for serum to DBS, we found high agreement (〉89% for all antigens) of dichotomized DBS and serum results and median kappa values for high- and low-titer antibodies of 0.86 and 0.78 (range, 0.78-0.92 and 0.55-0.86), respectively. Epidemiologic associations with known risk factors for HPV antibodies were as strong for DBS as for serum. Conclusions: DBS provide a reliable alternative to serum or plasma for detection of antibodies against various pathogens by multiplex serology. Impact: DBS do not require blood centrifugation and allow storage and shipment at ambient temperature, thus facilitating field work for seroepidemiologic studies especially in environments with limited technical infrastructure.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22147363
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  • 6
    Keywords: ENGLAND ; microbiology ; PANCREATIC-CANCER ; pancreatic cancer ; chronic pancreatitis ; IMMUNE-RESPONSE ; CANCER ; DISEASE ; DISEASES ; PROTEINS ; PROTEIN
    Type of Publication: Meeting abstract published
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  • 7
    Keywords: USA ; chronic atrophic gastritis ; antibody ; antibodies ; ASSOCIATION ; SERUM ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS
    Type of Publication: Meeting abstract published
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  • 8
    Keywords: PROTEINS ; PROTEIN ; RISK ; INFECTION ; CANCER ; evaluation ; GASTRIC-CANCER ; cancer risk ; USA ; CANCER-RISK
    Type of Publication: Meeting abstract published
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  • 9
    Keywords: CANCER ; COHORT ; POPULATION ; RISK ; INFECTION ; antibody ; adenocarcinoma ; GASTRIC-CANCER ; FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE ; multiplex serology ; ESOPHAGEAL ; ATROPHIC GASTRITIS ; VIRULENCE FACTORS ; PEPTIC-ULCER ; SOUTHERN COMMUNITY COHORT
    Abstract: Background: Gastric cancer incidence in African Americans is twice that of whites, and differing prevalence of Helicobacter pylori strain-specific isolates may help explain the disparity. Methods: Serum levels of antibodies to each of 15 H. pylori proteins were assessed using multiplex serology for a sample of 689 African American and white participants from the Southern Community Cohort Study. African and European admixture was estimated using a panel of 276 ancestry genetic markers, with "low," "medium," and "high" categories of African ancestry defined as 〈 85%, 85% to 95%, and 〉= 95%. Results: The majority (79%) of our study population were sero-positive for H. pylori. African American race was associated with a two-to sixfold increased odds for sero-positivity to eight H. pylori proteins, including the cancer-associated virulence constituents CagA [odds ratio (OR), 6.4; 95% CI, 4.5-9.1], and VacA (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.5-3.5). Compared to whites, African Americans of low, medium, and high African ancestry had 1.6-, 4.1-, and 5.2-fold increased odds of sero-positivity to H. pylori, primarily related to CagA sero-positive strains, for which increasing African ancestry led to 2.5-, 9.6-, and 13.1-fold increased odds. Among African Americans alone, compared to those of low African ancestry, African Americans of medium and high African ancestry had 2.5- and 3.4-fold increased odds of sero-positivity to H. pylori, and 3.5- and 4.9-fold increased odds of CagA sero-positive H. pylori strains. Conclusions: Host genetic variation and/or lifestyle factors associated with African ancestry contribute to the likelihood of infection with H. pylori, particularly its virulent strains, in this low-income U.S. southern population. Impact: Our findings that low-income African Americans of high African ancestry have a particularly high prevalence of antibodies against H. pylori provides a framework for further research into better detection and prevention of gastric cancer in this population.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21357376
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