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  • ACTIVATION  (2)
  • CELL  (2)
  • inactivation  (2)
  • CARBOXYKINASE GTP GENE  (1)
Keywords
  • 1
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; EXPRESSION ; BLOOD ; CELL ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; liver ; ENZYMES ; GENE ; GENES ; transcription ; METABOLISM ; MICE ; ACTIVATION ; kidney ; TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR ; INDUCTION ; hepatocytes ; MUTANT ; hormone ; DISRUPTION ; TANDEM MASS-SPECTROMETRY ; inactivation ; Jun ; GLUCOSE ; glucocorticoid receptor ; GLUCOCORTICOID-RECEPTOR ; ANTAGONIST ; insulin ; ABSENCE ; ADULT ; ENDOCRINE ; LEADS ; development ; CARBOXYKINASE GTP GENE ; HEPATIC GLUCONEOGENESIS ; PHOSPHOENOLPYRUVATE CARBOXYKINASE ; TYROSINE AMINOTRANSFERASE GENE
    Abstract: Hepatic glucose production by gluconeogenesis is the main source of glucose during fasting and contributes significantly to hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus. Accordingly, glucose metabolism is tightly controlled by a variety of hormones including insulin, epinephrine, glucagon, and glucocorticoids (GCs) acting on various cell types. GC effects are mediated by the GC receptor (GR), a ligand-dependent transcription factor, which in the liver and kidney controls gluconeogenesis by induction of gluconeogenic enzymes. To specifically study the contribution of GC on liver carbohydrate metabolism, we generated mice with an inactivation of the GR gene exclusively in hepatocytes using the Cre/loxP technology. Half of the mutant mice die within the first 2 d after birth most likely due to hypoglycemia. Adult mice have normal blood sugar under basal conditions but show hypoglycemia after prolonged starvation due to reduced expression of genes involved in gluconeogenesis. We further demonstrate that absence of GR in hepatocytes limits the development of hyperglycemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus probably due to impaired induction of gluconeogenesis. These findings show the essential role of GR function in liver glucose metabolism during fasting and in diabetic mice and indicate that liver-specific GC antagonists could be beneficial in control of diabetic hyperglycemia
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15031319
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  • 2
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; GROWTH ; CELL ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; MODEL ; VIVO ; SUPPORT ; liver ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; transcription ; MICE ; ACTIVATION ; TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR ; REDUCTION ; hepatocytes ; TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS ; hormone ; inactivation ; DNA-BINDING ; REGION ; REGIONS ; TARGETED DISRUPTION ; BINDING PROTEIN-3 ; I IGF-I ; postnatal body growth,glucocorticoid receptor,growth hormone signaling,Stat5 ; STAT5B
    Abstract: Mice carrying a hepatocyte-specific inactivation of the glucorticoid receptor (GR) gene show a dramatic reduction in body size. Growth hormone signaling mediated by the Stat5 transcription factors is impaired. We show that Stat5 proteins physically interact with GR and GR is present in vivo on Stat5-dependent IGF-I and ALS regulatory regions. Interestingly, mice with a DNA-binding-deficient GR but an unaltered ability to interact with STAT5(GR(dim/dim)) have a normal body size and normal levels of Stat5-dependent mRNAs. These findings strongly support the model in which GR acts as a coactivator for Stat5-dependent transcription upon GH stimulation and reveal an essential role of hepatic GR in the control of body growth
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15037546
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