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  • Keywords: Brain metastasis; stereotactic radiosurgery; surgery.  (1)
  • 1
    Abstract: OBJECTIVES: FGFR1 amplifications are common in squamous cell carcinoma and rare in adenocarcinoma of the lung, but have not been investigated in brain metastases of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for FGFR1 and immunohistochemistry for pAKT, PI3K, HIF1a and Ki67 in 175 NSCLC brain metastases and 11 matched primary tumors. ALK gene rearrangement status was available from a previous study. We performed statistical correlations of clinical, histopathological and molecular data. RESULTS: FGFR1 amplifications were found in a total of 30/175 (17%) brain metastases: 4/21 (19%) squamous cell carcinomas, 20/130 (15.3%) adenocarcinomas, 2/12 (16.6%) adenosquamous carcinomas, 4/9 (44.4%) large cell carcinomas and 0/3 neuroendocrine large cell carcinoma. FGFR1 gene status was identical between primary tumors and brain metastases in 9/11 evaluable cases. In 2/11 cases (1 adenosquamous and 1 large cell carcinoma), FGFR1 amplifications were present only in the brain metastasis and not in the primary tumor. Furthermore, we found a significant positive correlation of ALK and FGFR1 gene amplification status in brain metastases (p〈0.001, Chi square test). Patients with high-level FGFR1 amplifications had significantly higher number of visceral metastases (p〈0.001, Chi square test). CONCLUSION: Our findings argue for an enrichment of FGFR1 amplifications in brain metastases of adenocarcinomas (where they were 5-fold more frequent than reported for primary tumors) and possibly also of other non-squamous carcinomas, but not in squamous cell carcinomas of the lung. These results may be relevant for targeted therapy and prophylaxis of NSCLC brain metastases.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24183471
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0942-0940
    Keywords: Keywords: Brain metastasis; stereotactic radiosurgery; surgery.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary  Stereotactic radiosurgery (RS) and surgery have proved to be effective treatment modalities for brain metastasis. We followed 133 patients whose treatment for intracranial disease was either RS or a single surgical resection at the University of Vienna from August 1992 through October 1996. All patients who received additional Whole Brain Radiotherapy were included. This was a retrospective, case-control study comparing these treatment modalities.  Sixty-seven patients were treated by RS and 66 patients were treated by microsurgery. The median size of the treated lesions for RS patients was 7800 mm3, and 12500 mm3 for microsurgery patients, respectively. The median dose delivered to the tumour margin for RS patients was 17 gray.  The median survival for patients after RS was 12 months, and 9 months for patients after microsurgery. This difference was not statistically significant (p=0.19). Comparison of local tumour control, defined as absence of regrowth of a treated lesion, showed that tumours following RS had a preferred local control rate (p〈0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that this fact was due to a greater response rate of “radioresistant” metastasis to RS (p〈0.005). Postradiosurgical complications included the onset of peritumoural oedema (n=5) and radiation necrosis (n=1). Two patients after microsurgery experienced local wound infection. One postoperative death occurred due to pulmonary embolism in this group.  On the basis of our data we conclude that RS and microsurgery combined with Whole Brain Radiotherapy are comparable modalities in treating single brain metastasis. Concerning morbidity and local tumour control, in particular in cases of “radioresistant” primary tumours, RS is superior. Therefore we advocate RS except for cases of large tumours (〉3 cm in maximum diameter) and for those with mass effect.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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