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  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; RISK ; TIME ; ANTIGEN ; SPECTROSCOPY ; MEN ; prostate cancer ; FEASIBILITY ; ultrasound ; COIL ; detection rate ; 1.5 T ; ROUTINE ; PSA ; TRUS ; MRI-guided biopsy ; Significant carcinoma
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To investigate the positive biopsy rate of MRI-guided biopsy (MR-GB) in a routine clinical setting, identify factors predictive for positive biopsy findings and to report about the clinical significance of the diagnosed tumors. METHODS: Patients with at least one negative trans-rectal-ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-GB), persistently elevated or rising serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) and at least one lesion suspicious for PCa on diagnostic 1.5 Tesla endorectal coil MRI (eMR) were included. Biopsies were carried out using a 1.5 Tesla MRI and an 18 G biopsy gun. Clinical information and biopsy results were collected; logistic regression analysis was carried out. Definite pathology reports of patients with diagnosis of PCa and subsequent radical prostatectomy (RP) were analyzed for criteria of clinical significance. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included, mean number of previous biopsies was 2 (range 1-9), mean PSA at time of biopsy was 11.7 ng/ml (1.0-65.0), and mean prostate volume was 46.7 ccm (range 13-183). In 52/100 (52.0%) patients, PCa was detected. Out of 52 patients, 27 patients with a positive biopsy underwent RP, 20 patients radiation therapy, and 5 patients active surveillance. In total, 80.8% of the patients revealed a clinically significant PCa. In univariate regression analysis, only serum PSA levels were predictive for a positive biopsy result. Number of preceding negative biopsies was not associated with the likelihood of a positive biopsy result. CONCLUSIONS: MR-GB shows a high detection rate of clinically significant PCa in patients with previous negative TRUS-GB and persisting suspicion for PCa.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 21512807
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  • 2
    Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of high-spatial resolution T2-weighted endorectal magnetic resonance imaging (eMRI) for detection and pattern depiction of seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: 376 patients were included who underwent eMRI for staging before radical open prostatectomy at 1.5 T with an endorectal coil. Statistical accuracy for detection of SVI was calculated. MR images of patients with SVI were further evaluated by two radiologists according to the classification by Wheeler and Ohori. Results: In the cohort, 35 patients had SVI after histopathological evaluation of the prostatectomy specimen (stage pT3b). Sensitivity and specificity for detection of SVI were 48.6 and 97.7%, respectively. Negative and positive predictive values and overall accuracy were 94.9, 68.0, and 93.1%, respectively. Infiltration pattern analysis showed that type I invasion was most common with 48.6 followed by type IIa (31.4%) and IIb (20%). Type III was not present. There was no statistical significant difference between the three groups regarding Gleason score, age, and prostate-specific antigen level. Conclusions: eMRI with high-spatial resolution T2-weighted imaging is accurate for assessment of SVI. Depiction of different infiltration types of SVI is feasible. By adding information about the extent of SVI, diagnostic reporting and risk stratification could be improved. (c) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24296943
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