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  • Candida  (2)
  • antigenic variability  (1)
  • blastospores  (1)
  • clinical specimens  (1)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida ; leukoplakia ; lichen planus ; biotypes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Prevalence of yeasts in 35 leukoplakia and 34 oral lichen planus patients was compared with that observed in persons without oral diseases. Serotype and morphotype were determined on Candida albicans isolates. Yeasts were isolated from the oral cavity specimens of 43.7% of the patients. C. albicans (serotype A) was the predominant species (76% in leukoplakia, 88.2% in lichen planus and 60.8% in healthy persons). Sixteen morphotypes were encountered on malt extract agar, being 732, 733, 734, 753 and 754 the most frequently found. Morphotypes SP1N and SP1Y were the most common on Sabouraud-trypheniltetrazolium agar (68.4% of the isolates from leukoplakia and 73.3% from lichen planus, but only 46.6% of the isolates from healthy oral mucosa showed SP1N morphotype). Presence of oral lesions was associated with a marked reduction in the yeast species and C. albicans biotypes, suggesting that C. albicans and particularly some of its biotypes, show a high potential of adaptation to the changes associated with the development of oral leukoplakia and lichen planus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Albicans ID ; Candida albicans ; clinical specimens ; rapid identification ; yeasts
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Albicans ID (bioMérieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France) is a ready-to-use medium that contains a chromogenic substrate that allows rapid detection and specific identification of Candida albicans. We have evaluated its clinical performance by culturing 846 clinical specimens from pregnant women and neonates. A 99.2% sensitivity and a 100% specificity were observed in the identification of C. albicans isolates from primary culture.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Candida albicans ; antigenic variability ; blastospores ; germ tubes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The effect of germ tube induction on the antigenic variability in C. albicans was studied in strains from blood cultures (Group I) and superficial candidiasis (Group II). When compared by immunoblotting with a rabbit antiserum, antigenic extracts from Group I strains grown as blastospores showed a higher reactivity than that of Group II strains. Major bands in Group I strains (45–47, 33, 30 kDa) were continuously expressed through the subcultures in vitro but, with the exception of the 45 kDa band, the reactivity of all of them decreased or disappeared after the tenth subculture in Group II strains. The induction of the germ tubes produced the re-expression of the antigens lost during subculture in the yeast form, the effect being very clear in Group II strains. The re-expression by C. albicans germ tubes of antigens lost during subculture of blastospores in vitro and the higher reactivity shown by Group I strains grown in mycelial phase should be taken into consideration when a test to detect anti-C. albicans antibodies is to be developed.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-7284
    Keywords: Candida ; Torulopsis ; Subspecies Discrimination ; Antibiotypes
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A study of the antibiotypes of 764 isolates of the genera Candida and Torulopsis from different clinical specimens is reported. The typing method was based on the susceptibility results obtained by the standardized and partially automated kit ATB-Fungus (API-bioMérieux), giving to each strain a code of six figures, according to these criteria: susceptibility to 5-fluorocytosine, amphotericin B, nystatin, miconazole, econazole, and ketoconazole. Candida albicans serotypes were determined by the Candida Check test (latron, Japan). Twenty-six antibiotypes were found in C. albicans (482 isolates), 21 types in serotype A, and 15 in serotype B strains. Candida parapsilosis (115 isolates) was divided into 11 antibiotypes, Torulopsis glabrata (53 isolates) into five, Candida guilliermondii (36 isolates) into 10 and Candida tropicalis (31 isolates) into eight. Depending on the sample origin, 000000 (susceptibility to all the antifungals tested) was the predominant C. albicans antibiotype (92.9% of blood isolates, 41.2% of vaginal isolates, 33.3% of respiratory isolates, 31.01% or oral and digestive tract isolates, and 25.0% of nail and skin isolates). No predominant antibiotypes were found in strains from respiratory tract, skin ad nails. A reproducibility close to 99% was found with the test. Simplicity and standardization could make this method useful for typing Candida and Torulopsis isolates.
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