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  • Candida blankii  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-0972
    Keywords: Acetic acid ; l-aribinose ; Candida blankii ; chemostat ; hemicellulose hydrolysate ; d-xylose
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract The growth characteristics ofCandida blankii as a function of temperature and pH in a simulated bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate were determined in chemostat culture. The highest maximum specific growth rate of 0.44h−1 was reached at 38°C and at pH 5.5, with a sharp decrease in growth rate on either side of this temperature. Growth occurred at 46°C but not at 48°C. The protein and cell yields varied little below 40°C and the respective values were 0.22 and 0.5 g/g at 38°C. At the lower pH values, a severe linear decrease in cell and protein yields occurred, whereas a small increase in these yields at decreasing pH values was found when acetic acid was omitted from the medium. In the presence of acetic acid, a very sharp decrease in the growth rate at pH values below pH 4.5 was noted, despite the very low residual acetic acid concentrations, of less than 50 mg/l, in the culture.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate ; chemostat ; Candida blankii ; D-xylose ; single cell protein ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A Candida blankii yeast isolate was grown in sugar cane bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate at 38°C in carbon-limited chemostat culture. The pretreatment of the acid hydrolysate prior to microbial cultivation consisted of partial neutralization with ammonia and sodium hydroxide, plus the addition of phosphorus, which was the only other growth-limiting nutrient apart from nitrogen. The cell yield coefficient on nitrogen was 16.78. The critical dilution rate was higher (0.35 h-1) in diluted hydrolysate than in undiluted hydrolysate (0.21 h-1). In undiluted hydrolysate at a dilution rate of 0.1 h-1 and pH 4, where aseptic procedures proved unnecessary, the cell and protein yield coefficients were 0.53 and 0.26, respectively, and no residual carbon substrates (D-xylose, L-arabinose, D-glucose, and acetic acid) were detected. The cell yield on oxygen increased linearly as a function of dilution rate. The cellular content of protein, carbohydrate, and RNA also increased with an increase in dilution rate, whereas the DNA content decreased slightly. C. blankii has considerable potential for the production of single cell protein from hemicellulose hydrolysate, because of its ability to utilize all of the major carbon substrates in the hydrolysate at a low pH and at a relatively high temperature with a high protein yield. © 1992 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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