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  • Captopril  (1)
  • cDNA
  • 3H
  • AC-ECD
  • Springer  (2)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
  • 1990-1994  (2)
Collection
Publisher
  • Springer  (2)
  • Munksgaard International Publishers
Years
Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: Captopril ; sublingual ; pharmacokinetics ; pharmacodynamics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary In this study we compared the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of captopril after sublingual and peroral administration. Single 25 mg doses of captopril were administered sublingually and perorally on two different occasions in a randomised cross-over fashion to eight healthy volunteers aged 22–35 years. The kinetics of unchanged captopril, plasma renin activity (PRA), BP and heart rate were studied over three hours after both peroral and sublingual administration of captopril. Mean pharmacokinetic parameters for unchanged captopril after sublingual administration were: Cmax, 234 ng·ml−1; tmax, 45 min; AUC (0–3 h), 15.1 μg·ml−1. min. Mean pharmacokinetic parameters for unchanged captopril after peroral administration were: Cmax, 228 ng·ml−1; tmax, 75 min; AUC (0–3 h), 17.0 μg·ml−1. min. tmax was significantly shorter when captopril was administered sublingually; all other pharmacokinetic parameters were equivalent. The plasma captopril concentrations achieved post drug administration led to increases in PRA and reductions in BP. tmax for PRA was 86 min for sublingual captopril and 113 min for perorally administered drug. Peak PRA values were, however, not significantly different. BP, as expected, was not reduced dramatically in these healthy volunteer subjects, however, in systolic BP vs time profiles, BP was significantly lower after volunteers received sublingual captopril. Heart rate increased slightly after captopril administration; there were no differences between the two routes of administration. Administration of captopril sublingually, therefore led to a more rapid attainment of plasma captopril concentrations and had a more rapid onset of pharmacological effect when compared with peroral administration.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4919
    Keywords: cDNA ; human ; placenta ; immunoglobulin ; pregnancy-specific β1-glycoprotein
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Three cDNAs encoding members of the pregnancy-specific β1-glycoprotein (PSG) family were isolated from human term placental cDNA library. All three cDNAs encode proteins with similar domain structure. There is a leader sequence of 34 amino acids followed by an N-domain of 109 amino acids. Immediately after the N-domain are one or two copies of a repeating A-domain of 93 amino acids, a B-domain of 85 amino acids and a C-domain of variable size. The proteins are highly hydrophilic. However, one of them has an 81-amino acid C-domain which is very hydrophobic and could potentially serve as a membrane attachment site. The putative cell-cell recognition tripeptide, Arg-Gly-Asp, is present in the N-domain of two of the proteins. Partial sequence of one of the cDNAs has been found in HeLa cells while cDNAs highly homologous to two of the cDNAs have been found in the fetal liver. Functional roles of the PSG proteins basing on their structure are proposed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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