Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Continuous mixed venous oxygen saturation SvO2c was measured in 16 infants immediately after cardiac surgery. A polyurethane 4F, dual channel catheter (Opticath, Modell U440, Oximetrix) with fiberoptic filaments was introduced into the pulmonary artery during cardiothoracic surgery. The catheters were left in place for an average of 67.5 h (range 27 h – 125 h) and there were no catheter-related complications. Correlation between continuous in vivo SvO2 values and in vitro values was satisfactory (r=0.85), whereas a correlation between SvO2c and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) was not found (r=0.07). The sampled arterial lactate values were inversely correlated to the simultaneously measured SvO2c, but the corelation coefficient was only r=-0.4. There was an inverse correlation between SvO2c and arteriovenous oxygen content difference (Ca−vDO2c) (r=-0.82), and a marked inverse correlation to the calculated oxygen utilization ratio (r=-0.97). Therefore SvO2c continuously reflects the overall balance between oxygen consumption and delivery, but the use of SvO2 as a predictor of blood lactate levels is unreliable. A further purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the clinical applications and to show the usefulness of SvO2c-monitoring; particularly as a surveillance and early warning system, as a guide for assessing therapy and its relevance in interpreting other monitored parameters. In our opinion continuous SvO2 measurement is a reliable and valuable indicator of cardiopulmonary function in the immediate post-operative period, even in infants with complicated repair of cardiac malformations.
Type of Medium: