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  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of the mammary derived growth inhibitor (MDGI) and the subcellular localization of MDGI related antigens in bovine mammary glands. Cell-free translation of poly (A+) = RNA, immunoprecipitation with rabbit anti-MDGI-antibodies, and estimation of the relative contents of MDGI by a radioimmunoassay in mammary tissue of different functional statess revealed that the 13 kDa MDGI was dramatically increased in terminally differentiated mammary tissue compared with the proliferating tissue from pregnant animals. To address the question of tissue localizationl, polyclonal anti-MDGI antibodies and antibodies directed aganist a sythetic peptide corresponding ot residues 69 to 78 of MDGI were used. Western blotting of tissue fractions revealed the cytosolic and microsomal localization of MDGI. Additionally, both types of antibodies a 70-kDa antigeninthe unclear fractionof differentiated mammary glands. Salt extraction and DNase I digestion of isolated unclei, as well as chromatin purification, indicated an association of the 70-kDa antigen with the chromatin. By means of the immunogold technique, MDGI-related antigens were localized within euchromatic unclear regions of epithelial cells in the intact differentiated mammary gland. The immunostaining was markedly diminished in the proliferating tissue. This finding raises the possibility that MDGI and the 70-kDa antigen influence cell proliferation by acting on geneexpression within the unclei of mammary glands.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Cell division, neurite formation and acetylcholinesterase activity were examined in a clone (NBA2) of mouse neuroblastoma cells maintained for up to 120 hours in medium with pH values between 6.6 and 8.0. Growth rate decreased as pH was reduced from 7.8 to 6.6. Generation time at pH 7.4 was 25 hours, while the rate of cell division was negligible at pH 6.6. The total number of cells at stationary phase was less at the lower pH values. Neurite formation was enhanced markedly as the pH was reduced from 7.4 to 6.6. Acetylcholinesterase activity was 5- to 8-fold greater in cells exposed to medium at pH 6.6 than in cells maintained in medium at pH 7.4. The reduction in the rate of cell division and increases in neurite formation and acetylcholinesterase activity at pH 6.6 were reversible upon exposure of the cells to pH 7.4 medium. Cell viability was greater than 90% at all medium pH values over a period of 120 hours. Uncloned T-59 mouse neuroblastoma cells were affected similarly by changes in pH. These results show that manipulation of the environmental pH can reversibly alter growth, neurite formation, and acetylcholinesterase activity of mouse neuroblastoma cells in culture.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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