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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-09-05
    Description: In a short hairpin RNA screen for genes that affect AKT phosphorylation, we identified the RAB35 small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase)-a protein previously implicated in endomembrane trafficking-as a regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-OH kinase (PI3K) pathway. Depletion of RAB35 suppresses AKT phosphorylation in response to growth factors, whereas expression of a dominant active GTPase-deficient mutant of RAB35 constitutively activates the PI3K/AKT pathway. RAB35 functions downstream of growth factor receptors and upstream of PDK1 and mTORC2 and copurifies with PI3K in immunoprecipitation assays. Two somatic RAB35 mutations found in human tumors generate alleles that constitutively activate PI3K/AKT signaling, suppress apoptosis, and transform cells in a PI3K-dependent manner. Furthermore, oncogenic RAB35 is sufficient to drive platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha to LAMP2-positive endomembranes in the absence of ligand, suggesting that there may be latent oncogenic potential in dysregulated endomembrane trafficking.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4600465/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4600465/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wheeler, Douglas B -- Zoncu, Roberto -- Root, David E -- Sabatini, David M -- Sawyers, Charles L -- 1DP2CA195761-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- AI47389/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- CA092629/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA103866/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA155169/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- GM07739/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA103866/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA129105/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA155169/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA193837/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2015 Oct 9;350(6257):211-7. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa4903. Epub 2015 Sep 3.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), New York, NY 10065, USA. Weill Cornell/Rockefeller University/Sloan Kettering Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program, New York, NY 10021, USA. Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. ; Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. ; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. ; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, MD 20815, USA. sawyersc@mskcc.org sabatini@wi.mit.edu. ; Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), New York, NY 10065, USA. Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, MD 20815, USA. sawyersc@mskcc.org sabatini@wi.mit.edu.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26338797" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Alleles ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Gene Deletion ; Humans ; Immunoprecipitation ; Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 2/metabolism ; Multiprotein Complexes/metabolism ; Mutation ; Neoplasms/genetics/*metabolism/pathology ; Oncogene Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/*metabolism ; Phosphorylation/genetics ; Protein Transport ; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism ; RNA Interference ; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics ; Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/metabolism ; TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism ; rab GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2015-07-15
    Description: Activation of cellular stress response pathways to maintain metabolic homeostasis is emerging as a critical growth and survival mechanism in many cancers. The pathogenesis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) requires high levels of autophagy, a conserved self-degradative process. However, the regulatory circuits that activate autophagy and reprogram PDA cell metabolism are unknown. Here we show that autophagy induction in PDA occurs as part of a broader transcriptional program that coordinates activation of lysosome biogenesis and function, and nutrient scavenging, mediated by the MiT/TFE family of transcription factors. In human PDA cells, the MiT/TFE proteins--MITF, TFE3 and TFEB--are decoupled from regulatory mechanisms that control their cytoplasmic retention. Increased nuclear import in turn drives the expression of a coherent network of genes that induce high levels of lysosomal catabolic function essential for PDA growth. Unbiased global metabolite profiling reveals that MiT/TFE-dependent autophagy-lysosome activation is specifically required to maintain intracellular amino acid pools. These results identify the MiT/TFE proteins as master regulators of metabolic reprogramming in pancreatic cancer and demonstrate that transcriptional activation of clearance pathways converging on the lysosome is a novel hallmark of aggressive malignancy.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Perera, Rushika M -- Stoykova, Svetlana -- Nicolay, Brandon N -- Ross, Kenneth N -- Fitamant, Julien -- Boukhali, Myriam -- Lengrand, Justine -- Deshpande, Vikram -- Selig, Martin K -- Ferrone, Cristina R -- Settleman, Jeff -- Stephanopoulos, Gregory -- Dyson, Nicholas J -- Zoncu, Roberto -- Ramaswamy, Sridhar -- Haas, Wilhelm -- Bardeesy, Nabeel -- DP2 CA195761/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01 CA117969/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P01 CA117969-07/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- P50CA1270003/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA133557-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- England -- Nature. 2015 Aug 20;524(7565):361-5. doi: 10.1038/nature14587. Epub 2015 Jul 13.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Center for Regenerative Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. ; Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA. ; Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26168401" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Active Transport, Cell Nucleus ; Amino Acids/metabolism ; Animals ; Autophagy/*genetics ; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors/metabolism ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/*genetics/*metabolism/pathology ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Energy Metabolism ; Female ; *Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic ; Heterografts ; Homeostasis ; Humans ; Lysosomes/genetics/*metabolism ; Mice ; Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor/metabolism ; Neoplasm Transplantation ; Pancreatic Neoplasms/genetics/*metabolism/*pathology ; Transcription Factors/*metabolism ; Transcription, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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