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  • Averrhoa carambola  (2)
  • Cell rounding  (1)
  • Engineering General  (1)
  • [abr] FMLP; formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine
  • [abr] GDP-β-S; guanosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate)
  • [abr] Gi; the inhibitory G protein associated with adenylate cyclase
  • 1990-1994  (4)
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Keywords
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  • 1990-1994  (4)
Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: We show that, for rigid body dynamics, the mid-point rule formulated in body co-ordinates exactly conserves energy and the norm of the angular momentum for incremental force-free motions, but fails to conserve the direction of the angular momentum vector. Further, we show that the mid-point rule formulated in the spatial representation is, in general, physically and geometrically meaningless. An alternative algorithm is developed which exactly preserves energy, and the total spatial angular momentum in incremental force-free motions. The implicit version of this algorithm is unconditionally stable and second order accurate. The explicit version conserves exactly angular momentum in incremental force-free motions. Numerical simulations are presented which illustrate the excellent performance of the proposed procedure, even for incremental rotations over 65 degrees. The procedure is directly applicable to transient dynamic calculations of geometrically exact rods and shells.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2145
    Keywords: Averrhoa carambola ; Self-incompatibility Heterostyly ; Fluorescence microscopy ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Pollen tube ; Polymorphism
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Various combinations of intermorph, selfing and intramorph pollinations were carried out in Averrhoa carambola and the pollinated pistils were observed under fluorescence and scanning electron microscopes in time-course experiments. In both compatible and incompatible pollinations, similar behavior of pollen germination and penetration was observed in the first 4 h after pollination. In compatible intermorph pollination, pollen tubes were found at the base of the transmitting tract of the style at 8 h and 24 h after pollination in both the pin and thrum morphs. With thrum flowers, selfing resulted in pollen tubes being uniformly arrested at the junction between the stigmatic and stylar tissues. Penetration of pollen tubes into the upper portion of style was observed in thrum intramorph pollination and, when the second member was treated as the gynoecial tissue under the same pollination, penetration of tubes was further enhanced. Pin flowers, on selfing, resulted in pollen tube penetration farther down the style than was the case with thrum selfing. Intramorph pollination of pin morph behaved in a similar manner to selfing and was not affected by genotypes. Beside the stamen-style dimorphism, the receptive surface of the cob stigma was larger in pin than thrum flowers. While pin pollen was round, thrum pollen was oblong in shape with pin to thrum ratio on the polar axis being 1.2 and on the equatorial axis 0.8. The stigma of pin morph belonged to the dry type, while that of the thrum resembled the wet type.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2145
    Keywords: Averrhoa carambola ; Heterostyly Flower organ-specific proteins ; Electrophoresis Carambola/star-fruit
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Floral organs (tepal, stamen, style, including stigma, and ovary) from immature and mature (1 day prior to anthesis) flower buds of pin and thrum morphs of Averrhoa carambola were subjected to one and two-dimensional IEF/SDS-PAGE gel electrophoresis and visualized by silver staining. One-dimensional gel electrophoresis of organ extracts from mature floral buds showed a number of protein bands common to all organs in both pin and thrum morphs. In the stamen and style, these bands differed in intensity between the two morphs. Under two-dimensional gels, the differences in protein profiles between the two morphs were more distinct in these organs. When compared with polypeptide spots from leaflets, a total of 14 floral organ-specific polypeptides was detected, the majority appearing in the stamen, followed by the style but none in the ovary. In the stamen, most of these polypeptides were detected in both the pin and thrum morphs. However, in the style, a 72-kDa polypeptide was detected exclusively in the pin morph, and this was also the most abundant floral organ-specific polypeptide. Floral organ-specific polypeptides of 45 kDa (detected in stamens of the thrum morph) and 70 kDa (detected in stamen and style of both morphs) were found to bind concanavalin A.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    The @Anatomical Record 235 (1993), S. 183-190 
    ISSN: 0003-276X
    Keywords: Mitosis ; Cell rounding ; Surface area ; Endocytosis ; Intracellular pH ; BCECF ; Neutral red ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The rounding up of mitotic human Chang liver cells in monolayer culture was studied quantitatively. It was surprising to find significant reduction in cell surface area considering that endocytosis has been demonstrated to be at a complete standstill in M phase. Uptake studies using impermeant BCECF (2′,7′-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-4(5)-carboxyfluorescein free acid) pH indicator and particulate neutral red dye in aqueous buffer showed preferential internalization into mitotic cells in direct contrast to expectation since interphase cells do not have arrested endocytosis. However, infolded plasma membrane ruffles and internalized extracellular material were demonstrated in prophase cells, much like those seen in interphase rounding via the induction of intracellular alkalinizations. Raised intracellular pH (pHi) is a universal and consistent finding in M phase cells. Despite cessation of small pit endocytosis, it remains possible for plasma membrane internalization to be a causal factor in the observed surface area reduction in mitotic rounding. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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