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  • Ca2+ channel antagonists  (1)
  • Centrioles/*metabolism  (1)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-10-04
    Description: The primary cilium is a microtubule-based organelle that functions in sensory and signalling pathways. Defects in ciliogenesis can lead to a group of genetic syndromes known as ciliopathies. However, the regulatory mechanisms of primary ciliogenesis in normal and cancer cells are incompletely understood. Here we demonstrate that autophagic degradation of a ciliopathy protein, OFD1 (oral-facial-digital syndrome 1), at centriolar satellites promotes primary cilium biogenesis. Autophagy is a catabolic pathway in which cytosol, damaged organelles and protein aggregates are engulfed in autophagosomes and delivered to lysosomes for destruction. We show that the population of OFD1 at the centriolar satellites is rapidly degraded by autophagy upon serum starvation. In autophagy-deficient Atg5 or Atg3 null mouse embryonic fibroblasts, OFD1 accumulates at centriolar satellites, leading to fewer and shorter primary cilia and a defective recruitment of BBS4 (Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4) to cilia. These defects are fully rescued by OFD1 partial knockdown that reduces the population of OFD1 at centriolar satellites. More strikingly, OFD1 depletion at centriolar satellites promotes cilia formation in both cycling cells and transformed breast cancer MCF7 cells that normally do not form cilia. This work reveals that removal of OFD1 by autophagy at centriolar satellites represents a general mechanism to promote ciliogenesis in mammalian cells. These findings define a newly recognized role of autophagy in organelle biogenesis.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="" target="_blank"〉〈img src="" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Tang, Zaiming -- Lin, Mary Grace -- Stowe, Timothy Richard -- Chen, She -- Zhu, Muyuan -- Stearns, Tim -- Franco, Brunella -- Zhong, Qing -- CA133228/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- R01 CA133228/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- TGM11CB3/Telethon/Italy -- England -- Nature. 2013 Oct 10;502(7470):254-7. doi: 10.1038/nature12606. Epub 2013 Oct 2.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Center for Autophagy Research, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Autophagy/genetics ; Cell Line ; Centrioles/*metabolism ; Cilia/genetics/metabolism/*physiology ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; HEK293 Cells ; Humans ; MCF-7 Cells ; Mice ; Protein Transport ; Proteins/genetics/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1912
    Keywords: Ca2+ ; Ca2+ channels ; Ca2+ channel antagonists ; 1,4-Dihydropyridines ; [3H]PN 200-110
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The Ca2+ channel antagonistic potencies of tiamdipine [2-(2-aminoethylthio)methyl-3-carboethoxy-5-carbomethoxy-6-methyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydropyridine] and nifedipine [2,6-dimethyl-3,5-dicarbomethoxy-4-(2nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydropyridine] analogs bearing phenyl ring substituents were studied using pharmacologic and radioligand binding techniques. Additionally, analogs of tiamdipine possessing (2-aminoethylthio)methyl-, (2-acetamidoethylthio)methyl-and (2-pyrrolidinylmethylthio)methyl-groups at the C2 position of the 1,4-dihydropyridine ring have been studied. Tiamdipine and nifedipine analogs inhibited K+-induced contractile responses in rat tail artery. IC50 values of 4-phenyl ring substituted 2-(2-aminoethylthio)methyl tiamdipine analogs ranged from 10−7 mol/l to 10−8 mol/l. However, the corresponding 4-phenyl ring substituted nifedipine analogs covered a wider range of potency from 10−6 mol/l to 10−9 mol/l. K, values of the corresponding tiamdipine analogs for the inhibition of specific [3H]PN 200-110 [( I- ) [3H]isopropyl-4-(2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)-1,4-dihydro-5-methoxycarbonyl-2,6-dimethyl-3-pyridinecarboxylate] binding-ranged from 10−7 mol/l to 10−9 mol/l in guinea pig ileal and rat heart membranes and rat brain synaptosomes. The two stereoisomers of tiamdipine and its analog 2-(2acetamidoethylthio)methyl-3-carboethoxy-5-carbomethoxy-6-methyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl)-1,4-dihydropyridine, and the four stereoisomers of 2-(2-pyrrolidinylmethylthio)methyl-3carboethoxy-5-carbomethoxy-6-methyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl)1,4-dihydropyridine showed high stereoselectivity ratios of approximately (−)/(+) = 100 and 1000 in pharmacologic and binding experiments, respectively. The inhibitory actions of 2-(2-aminoethylthio)methyltiamdipine analogs against K+-induced contractile responses in rat tail artery developed very slowly requiring at least 2 h for maximum effect. The recoveries of response to K+ depolarization were also correspondingly slow. However, recovery was greatly accelerated by the presence of the 1,4-dihydropyridine activator Bay K 8644 [2,6-dimethyl-3carbomethoxy-5-nitro-4-(2-trifluoromethyl)-1,4-dihydropyridine, 5 × 10−6 mol/l] immediately prior to the K+ challenge. The 2-(2-acetamidoethylthio)methyl tiamdipine derivative and nifedipine produced maximum inhibitory effects within 10 min, and responses recovered rapidly upon washing. The slow kinetics of onset and offset of action of the tiamdipine analogs and the reduced effects of 4-phenyl substitution relative to agents of the nifedipine series suggest that these two series of 1,4-dihydropyridines exhibit different modes of interaction with the Ca2+ channel. At least part of this difference is to be attributed to the presence of a charged group in the basic tiamdipine series. Trapping of these agents within the membrane phase likely contributes to their observed slow kinetics of action.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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