Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
A series of polyimides based on 4.,4′-isophthaloyldiphthalic anhydride (IDPA) was prepared and characterized by inherent viscosity, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), solubility, wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), and isothermal thermogravimetric analysis (ITGA). Film forming, tough, insoluble polyimides were obtained with most of the 11 diamines used for evaluation. Two materials were semicrystalline. Several compositions showed excellent thermooxidative stability by ITGA at 300 and 350°C in air, as compared to Kapton-H (Du Pont) film. The IDPA-m-phenylenediamine (m-PDA) composition, for example, gave a flexible, amorphous film having a Tg of 259°C (identical with LARC-TPI) and insoluble in a wide range of solvents. It is based on a potentially low-cost dianhydride (IDPA) and, unlike LARC-TPI, a low-cost, domestically available diamine which gives a negative Ames test.
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