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  • 1
    ISSN: 0749-1581
    Keywords: Two-dimensional NMR ; Artifacts ; BIRD pulses ; Coherence transfer ; Methylene groups ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: When the proton-proton decoupled heteronuclear two-dimensional chemical shift correlation experiment is applied to a molecule containing methylene groups, the spectra show not only the expected signals at the two proton chemical shifts, but also a strong artifact. This artifact appears at the average of the two proton chemical shifts, and arises from coherence transfer between the two protons caused by the BIRD pulse. It is not caused by strong coupling between the protons, and so may appear in any spectrum. The dependence of this artifact on experimental conditions was analysed, and is illustrated with results obtained on the methylene groups from the cyclophane ring in N6′,N9-octamethylenepurinecyclophane.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0749-1581
    Keywords: Assignment strategy ; K3 serotype ; Polysaccharide ; Porphyrin ; NMR ; Phase cycling ; Reverse correlation ; Two-dimensional ; Heteronuclear multiple quantum ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The practical aspects of proton-detected heteronuclear shift correlation spectroscopy are described in detail, with emphasis on the precautions necessary to obtain efficient suppression of signals from protons that are not coupled to 13C. The experiment has been used to assign the quaternary carbon signals of a porphyrin and to resolve the proton spectrum of the K3 serotype polysaccharide.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0006-3525
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Enzyme-purified elastin from bovine ligamentum nuchae was digested with elastase in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Chromatographic fractionation of the digest, after removal of the detergent, resulted in the high-yield isolation of two peptide fractions (F2 and F3) that differed in size and composition. The larger, F2, which accounted for about 55% of the starting material, was subjected to sedimentation-equilibrium analysis in three chaotropic solvents. Comparison of the distribution of point-average molecular weights (Mw and Mz) with protein concentration in the three systems lead to the conclusion that significant self-association of peptides occurred in the absence of 6M guanidinium hydrochloride. In this solvent, the molecular-weight distribution was between 25,000 and 34,000, a range of values in agreement with an intrinisic viscosity of 13.1 cc g-1 determined in the same solvent. Assessment of chain weight by N- and C-terminal analysis was consistent with F2 being a multichain molecule comprising four polypeptide chains linked by three polyfunctional amino acids. Results are interpreted in terms of an anisotropic ultrastructural model of the protein, in which four polypeptide chains constitute the primary filament visualized by electron microscopy in the intact fiber.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 31 (1988), S. 929-943 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A structured, mechanistic model has been built for the kinetics of yeast cell lysis by microbial cell lytic enzymes, based on an understanding of the two-layer yeast cell wall structure and the properties of yeast-lytic enzyme systems. The model predicts the release of protein, peptides and carbohydrates from four cell structures: the outer and inner wall layers, the cytosol and organelles or proteins present in particles; it also predicts organelle or particle lysis or solubilization and the breakdown of released proteins to peptides. Applications of the model to design and optimization of selective product release are discussed.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1052-9306
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Californium-252 plasma desorption mass spectrometric analysis of complex lipooligosaccharide antigens from Mycobacterium kansasii has provided molecular weight information. From the spectra obtained and from other data it can be concluded that these lipooligosaccharides generally contain three 2,4-dimethyltetradecanoyl groups, and considerable heterogeneity in the attached acyl functions is apparent.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: The pathology of thrombophlebitis primarily results from the obliteration of venous valves in the lower extremities. The objective of this study was to develop a prosthetic venous valve that could be implanted in the human femoral system to ameliorate the deleterious effects of thrombophlebitis. Prosthetic venous valves were produced from two materials: Pellethane valves were fabricated from a dip-casting process; umbilical vein valves were produced by a fixation process. The valves were evaluated as implants within the external jugular veins of 10 research dogs. Each animal was implanted with one Pellethane valve in one external jugular vein and one umbilical vein venous valve in the contralateral jugular vein. Each valve was positioned over a stainless-steel cylinder that had been implanted into the jugular veins in such a manner that there existed no blood-cylinder interaction. Patency of the valves was determined by X-ray venography at 24, 48, and 72 h and at 5 and 8 days postoperatively. All of the umbilical vein venous valves were occluded by the end of 48 h, whereas two of the Pellethane venous valves remained patent for at least 5 days but were occluded at 8 days. The results of this study suggest the possibility of success of Pellethane valve implants in the venous circulation and indicate future directions for study.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 30 (1987), S. 481-490 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A simple two-step model is proposed to describe the kinetics of the two lytic systems examined in the preceding article. The model predicts concentrations of yeast solids, soluble proteins, peptides, and carbohyrates. In the first reaction step, yeast cell mass is solubilized; in the second, the released protein can be hydrolyzed to peptides. Kinetics for both yeast lysis and the subsequent protein breakdown are based on Michaelis-Menten expressions. Terms have been included for competitive inhibition of yeast lysis by substances in the Cytophaga enzyme preparation, and for incomplete hydrolysis of cells by the Oerskovia enzyme system. Parameters have been independently determined for all reactions except Oerskovia proteolysis, where they were fit by a leastsquares method to data from model test runs. The model has been verified for yeast concentrations between 0.7 and 70 g/L yeast (dry basis) and 4-40% crude enzyme solution.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Many microorganisms produce enzymes which lyse the walls of yeasts, fungi, and bacteria. The proportions of different enzyme activities present in the lytic system, their action patterns, synergism, and dependence on inhibitors, constitute the activity profile of the lytic system. Taken together, the activity profile and process conditions for lysis determine the reaction rate and the distribution of products from lysis of any given type of cells. Kinetics of glucan hydrolysis, proteolysis, and lysis of brewer's yeast were compared for two extracellular yeast-lytic enzyme systems with different properties. The enzyme sources used were filtered culture broths from Cytophaga sp. NCIB 9497 grown in batch culture and from Oerskovia xanthineolytica LL-G109, grown under carbon limitation in continuous culture. Rate and extent of cell hydrolysis, and the accumulation of soluble proteins, peptides, and carbohydrates from the lysed yeast cells, are discussed in terms of the activity profiles and potential applications of the two enzyme systems.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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