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  • Chemistry  (2)
  • ANDROGEN RECEPTOR  (1)
  • ASSAY  (1)
  • 1
    Keywords: OPTIMIZATION ; RECEPTOR ; CELLS ; IN-VITRO ; CELL ; COMBINATION ; VITRO ; GENE ; GENES ; BIOLOGY ; ASSAY ; CELL-LINE ; LINE ; NETHERLANDS ; RECEPTORS ; ER ; signaling ; SCIENCE ; methods ; ANDROGEN RECEPTOR ; CHEMICALS ; ANTAGONISTS ; ANDROGEN ; androgens ; in vitro ; reporter gene assay ; RANGE ; ANDROGEN-RECEPTOR ; PANEL ; Prevalidation ; ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS ; REPORTER ; Hershberger assay ; Androgen reporter gene assay ; BIOASSAYS ; HUMAN CELL-LINE
    Abstract: To date there are no validated methods available to test androgenicity or antiandrogenicity in vitro. A problem with testing androgenicity using reporter genes is the possibility by other steroid receptors than androgen receptors to activate the same reporter gene, thereby lowering selectivity. To avoid this we have established a robust and very selective method, the AR CALUX reporter gene assay, to test androgenic and antiandrogenic activity of compounds in vitro. This assay uses a human U2-OS cell line stably transfected with the human androgen receptor and an androgen receptor responsive reporter gene. We optimized protocols to be used in combination with AR CALUX cells and carried out an in house prevalidation. In addition we successfully transferred this assay to another laboratory, leading to comparable test results with a panel of androgen receptor agonists and antagonists. The assay was able to readily rank a range of chemicals on the basis of their EC50 values. The CALUX assay was found to be selective for androgens and seemed not influenced by signaling through other steroid receptors.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20438827
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 61 (1996), S. 1649-1654 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The kinetics of polycondensation of hydroxyfunctional polydimethylsiloxane has been studied with a simple new inexpensive piece of equipment, i.e., the vibrating needle curemeter. The order of reaction with respect to crosslinker and catalyst concentration has been determined to be unity and 0.24, respectively. The activation energy of the reaction has been found to be zero. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Mono-, di-, and trinuclear tantalum and tantalum | niobium complexes with P4 and P2 ligands ; m̈-η2:1:1-P2 coordination mode ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Niobium and Tantalum Complexes with P2 and P4 LigandsThe photolysis of [Cp″Ta(CO)4] 1 (Cp″ = C5H3tBu2-1,3) and P4 affords Cp″(CO)2Ta(η4-P4) 2, [{Cp″(CO)Ta}2(m̈-η2:2-P2)2] 3 and [Cp3″(CO)3Ta3(P2)2] 4. In a photochemical reaction 2 and [Cp*Nb(CO)4] 5 form [{Cp*(CO)Nb}{Cp″(CO)Ta}(m̈-η2:2-P2)2] 6 and [{Cp*(CO)2Nb} {Cp*Nb}{Cp″(CO)Ta}(m̈3-η2:1:1-P2)2] 7, a compound with the novel m̈3-η2:2:1-P2-coordination mode. The reaction of 2 and [Cp*Co(C2H4)2] 8 leads to [{Cp*Co} {Cp″(CO)Ta}(m̈-η2:2-P2)2] 9, a heteronuclear complex with an „early“ and a „late“ transition metal. Complexes 2, 3, 7 and 9 have been further characterized by X-ray structure analyses.
    Notes: Die Photolyse von [Cp″Ta(CO)4] 1 (Cp″ = C5H3tBu2-1,3) und P4 ergibt [Cp″(CO)2Ta(η4-P4)] 2, [{Cp″(CO)Ta}2(μ-η2:2-P2)2] 3 und [Cp3″(CO)3Ta3(P2)2] 4. 2 reagiert photochemisch mit [Cp*Nb(CO)4] 5 zu [{Cp*(CO)Nb}{Cp″(CO)Ta}(m̈-η2:2-P2)2] 6 und [{Cp*(CO)2Nb}{Cp*Nb} {Cp″(CO)Ta}(m̈3-η2:1:1-P2)2] 7, einer Verbindung mit der neuen m̈3-η2:2:1-P2-Koordinationsvariante. Die Reaktion von 2 und [Cp*Co(C2H4)2] 8 führt zum heteronuklearen Komplex [{Cp*Co} {Cp″(CO)Ta}(m̈-η2:2-P2)2] 9 mit einem „frühen“ und „späten“ Übergangsmetall. Die Komplexe 2, 3, 7 und 9 wurden zusätzlich durch eine Röntgenstrukturanalyse charakterisiert.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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