small-angle neutron scattering (SANS)
dynamic micromechanical analysis (DMA)
chain segment mobility
Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Interdiffusion of polymer chains across particle-particle interfaces in latex films is one of the key issues, because this further coalescence process usually controls the cohesive strength of the films. Here we examined local dynamics of polymer chains within latex films and showed that it is related to the occurrence of particle coalescence. For this purpose, structural and dynamic micromechanical properties of partly cross-linked polymer films from styrenebutadiene (SB) copolymer latexes were investigated. The gel fraction of the emulsion copolymers was varied within a large range (15-90%) by adding different chain transfer agents during the polymerization process. The structure of the films was determined using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A qualitative description of the mechanism that likely triggers further coalescence in latex films is given, based on critical disjoining pressure exerted by particle cores on interfacial membranes. In addition, from dynamic micromechanical analysis (DMA) spectra, a key molecular parameter reflecting local segmental mobility was derived. Average diffusion coefficients of polymer segments were calculated and shown to be consistently related to the occurrence of particle coalescence as evidenced from SANS and TEM structural investigations. Finally, the noncovalent physical intermolecular interaction loci, which act as cross-link knots, were shown to play a significant part in the restriction of the coalescence process, increasing the state of constraints encountered by free chain segments embedded in the covalent network. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Type of Medium: