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  • 1
    Keywords: HUMAN-BREAST ; MEDIA ; MMP-9 ; tumor microenvironment ; E ; THERAPIES ; SERUM ; PROGRESSION ; prevention ; BREAST-CANCER ; breast cancer ; culture ; BREAST ; microenvironment ; CANCER-CELLS ; SERA ; THERAPY ; human ; tumor ; CELL ; CANCER ; CANCER CELLS ; CELLS
    Type of Publication: Book chapter
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  • 2
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CANCER ; CANCER CELLS ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; INVASION ; proliferation ; SURVIVAL ; tumor ; CELL ; human ; KINASE ; PATHWAY ; PATHWAYS ; SUPPORT ; EXPOSURE ; SITE ; DIFFERENTIATION ; MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY ; NF-KAPPA-B ; ACTIVATION ; FAMILY ; BINDING ; PHOSPHORYLATION ; ALPHA ; BREAST ; breast cancer ; BREAST-CANCER ; antibodies ; MEMBRANE ; METASTASIS ; REGION ; CANCER-CELLS ; EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX ; BETA ; ADHESION ; MIGRATION ; FACTOR-KAPPA-B ; INTEGRIN ; NF-kappa B ; RECEPTORS ; MMP ; FIBRONECTIN ; TUMOR-METASTASIS ; SERUM ; FAMILIES ; basement membrane ; cell adhesion ; GELATINASE-A ; MMP-2 ; INTEGRINS ; RGD ; NUCLEAR ; EVENTS ; ERK ; MMP-9 ; pharmacology ; MT1-MMP ; TISSUE INHIBITOR ; ENGLAND ; matrix metalloproteinase ; MATRIX-METALLOPROTEINASE ; MEDICINE ; MEDIA ; interactions ; MT1-MMP MMP-14 ; PI-3K
    Abstract: Interactions between tumour cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) strongly influence tumour development, affecting cell survival, proliferation and migration. Many of these interactions are mediated through a family of cell surface receptors named integrins. Fibronectin and its integrin receptors play important roles in tumour development. The alpha 5 beta 1 integrin interacts with the central cell adhesive region of fibronectin and requires both the RGD and synergy sites for maximal binding. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc dependent endopeptidases. They are capable of digesting the different components of the ECM and basement membrane. The ECM gives structural support to cells and plays a central role in cell adhesion, differentiation, proliferation and migration. Binding of ECM to integrins modulates expression and activity of the different MMPs. Our experimental findings demonstrate that cultivation of human breast cancer cells, MCF-7, in serum free medium in the presence of fibronectin upregulates the activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Blocking of alpha 5 beta 1 integrin with anti-alpha 5 monoclonal antibody inhibits the fibronectin-induced MMP activation response appreciably. This strongly indicates alpha 5 beta 1 mediated signalling events in activation of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Phosphorylation of FAK and PI-3 kinase and the nuclear translocation of ERK and NF-kappa B upon fibronectin binding demonstrate possible participation of the FAK/PI-3K/ERK signalling pathways in the regulation of MMP-2 activity. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 18243246
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: photopolymerization ; photoinitiator ; aroyl xanthates ; methyl methacrylate ; laser flash photolysis ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A new sulfur-containing photoinitiator, S-benzoyl O-ethyl xanthate (2) has been prepared and used for the photopolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA). The photoinitiation property of 2 has been examined by conventional polymerization methods and nanosecond laser flash photolysis studies. Upon 308 nm laser pulse excitation, 2 gave rise to transients with absorption maxima at 350 and 650 nm, assigned to the benzoyl radical (3) and (ethoxythiocarbonyl)thiyl radical (4), respectively, on the basis of their quenching by nitroxy radicals and spectral similarity to analogous species, reported in the literature. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 9 (1965), S. 3427-3437 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: It was shown that the shape of the scattering pattern is not only related to the shape but also to the face-orientation of the lamellar scattering units, and an actual observation of its characteristic shape depends on the amount and dispersion of their spiral angle. The following results were obtained: (1) For observing a cross-pattern, the critical spiral angles corresponding to minimum and maximum dispersions are 7.5° and 30° respectively, whereas in an actual fiber, coir, the critical angle is about 16.75°. (2) The jute pattern changes from a uniformly narrow to a triangular shape on disorientation and reverts to the former on reorientation. The corresponding changes in ramie are from a triangular to a uniformly wide and then to a uniformly narrow shape. Both native and disoriented cottons give weak, fan-shaped scattering superimposed on a more intense elliptical pattern. The pattern given by reoriented cotton is roughly a narrow streak. Delignified jute gives a somewhat shaving-brush-shaped pattern which changes to a uniformly wide streak on alkali treatment. (3) The extent of scattering decreases on swelling and increases on stretching in jute, ramie, and cotton, but decreases in stretched coir.
    Additional Material: 25 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 9 (1965), S. 3439-3450 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: It was shown that the realization of a straight log I-h2 curve may be a coincidence depending on the relative influence of heterogeneity of distribution and non-independent scattering, and a concave log I-h2 curve can represent a nonhomogeneous system amenable to Shull and Roess's method of analysis. The results indicate: (1) The I-h curve for a jute holo-cellulose film has a maximum, and that for a ramie film an inflexion point, each superimposed on a background of gradually declining intensity, and in either case the singularity is accentuated and shifted to a region of larger angle on alkali-treatment. (2) The log I-h2 plots for untreated, alkali-treated and stretched jute fibers give straight sections in the low-angle, and convex, concave, and straight sections, respectively, in the high-angle region. An interesting feature of the results for ramie is the realization of a straight logarithmic curve on mercerization. The curves for alkali-treated and stretched Fortisan fibers have also each of them two discernible linear parts, indicative of two groups of scatterers. (3) An evaluation of the log I-log h2 curves by Shull and Roess's method leads to figures for the diameters of the scattering elements in ramie comparable to those estimated from the corresponding log I-h2 plots.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 45 (1992), S. 1617-1622 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Polystyrene xanthates, prepared through the reaction of chloromethylated polystyrene resins with potassium O-ethyl xanthate, have been used for the photografting of acrylic monomers. Monomers such as acrylamide, acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, and methyl methacrylate were grafted onto the xanthate polymers on irradiation with a 450 W medium-pressure mercury lamp (Hanovia). Among these monomers, the maximum graft efficiency was obtained for methyl methacrylate. The effect of cross-link density of the xanthate polymer on the percentage graft yield was also studied. Scanning electron microscopic studies have shown that appreciable grafting has taken place on the surface of the polymer in a uniform manner. © 1992 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Gelation phenomenon in thermoset polymers is an area of extreme importance from the processing point of view. Gel point (GP) has traditionally been detected using rheological and mechanical techniques. We wish to report the use of dielectric and especially calorimetric techniques for detecting GP. Using a particular thermoset system, we have compared the calorimetric, dielectric, and mechanical techniques and shown how to define GP in terms of time and temperature. As a matter of convenience, we have briefly defined the gelation phenomenon in thermosets, its significance and measurement, and a critical evaluation of the techniques for detecting GP.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Acta Polymerica 41 (1990), S. 166-169 
    ISSN: 0323-7648
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Die bei Anwendung der PALIT-Beziehung 100ϱ0[η] + In M = K1M2/3 + K2 auf Lösungen einiger Polyphosphate und Copolyphosphate erhaltenen Ergebnisse wurden analysiert und mit der MARK-HOUWINK-Beziehung verglichen. Die Werte des Exponenten a in der MARK-HOUWINK-Beziehung sind für die Proben größer, die größere Werte K1 oder Kleinere Werte K2 in der von PALIT vorgeschlagenen Gleichung ergeben.
    Notes: The results obtained by testing the PALIT equation 100ϱ0[η] + In M = K1M2/3 + K2 with solutions of some polyphosphates and copolyphosphates have been analyzed and compared with the MARK-HOUWINK relationship. The values of the exponent a in the MARK-HOUWINK relationship were found to be higher for those samples which have higher values of K1 or lower values of K2 in the equation suggested by PALIT.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 400 (1973), S. 78-82 
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Komplexe von Nickel(II)-thiocyanat mit AnilinenKomplexe des Typs NiL2(SCN)2 (L = Anilin, o-, m-, p-Toluidin, o-, m-, p-Anisidin und p-Phenetidin) wurden dargestellt und durch die magnetischen Momente (Raumtemp.) und IR-Spektren (bis herab zu 250 cm-1) charakterisiert. Die Thiocyanatgruppen bilden Brücken, und das Metallatom ist sechsfach koordiniert mit Oktaederkonfiguration.
    Notes: Complexes of the type NiL2(SCN)2 (L = aniline, o-, m-, p-toluidine, o-, m-, p-anisidine and p-phenetidine) have been prepared and characterised by room temperature magnetic moments and infra-red spectral data (down to 250 cm-1) in the solid state. The thiocyanate is present as a bridging group and the metal atom is shown to be in a six-coordinate environment having an octahedral stereochemistry.
    Additional Material: 3 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A new approach involving dynamic melt rheology i.e. dynamic mechanical analysis in a molten inert matrix, is presented for studying the cure of thermoset resins. The degree of cure by dynamic melt rheology has been correlated with that from differential scanning calorimetry, DSC (correlation coefficient = 0.87) and the lack of an excellent correlation is attributed to the uncertainties with the DSC method at higher cure levels. A kinetic expression with appropriate constants, “E, A, and n” from our new approach is presented for predicting the time-temperature dependence of the degree of cure. Advantages of dynamic melt rheology are discussed in relationship to conventional dynamic mechanical and DSC methods.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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