Bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate
single cell protein
Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
A Candida blankii yeast isolate was grown in sugar cane bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate at 38°C in carbon-limited chemostat culture. The pretreatment of the acid hydrolysate prior to microbial cultivation consisted of partial neutralization with ammonia and sodium hydroxide, plus the addition of phosphorus, which was the only other growth-limiting nutrient apart from nitrogen. The cell yield coefficient on nitrogen was 16.78. The critical dilution rate was higher (0.35 h-1) in diluted hydrolysate than in undiluted hydrolysate (0.21 h-1). In undiluted hydrolysate at a dilution rate of 0.1 h-1 and pH 4, where aseptic procedures proved unnecessary, the cell and protein yield coefficients were 0.53 and 0.26, respectively, and no residual carbon substrates (D-xylose, L-arabinose, D-glucose, and acetic acid) were detected. The cell yield on oxygen increased linearly as a function of dilution rate. The cellular content of protein, carbohydrate, and RNA also increased with an increase in dilution rate, whereas the DNA content decreased slightly. C. blankii has considerable potential for the production of single cell protein from hemicellulose hydrolysate, because of its ability to utilize all of the major carbon substrates in the hydrolysate at a low pH and at a relatively high temperature with a high protein yield. © 1992 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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