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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: Kekulé structure enumeration ; Dimer covering enumeration ; 1-Factor enumeration ; Benzenoid π-network polymers ; Long-range order ; Bond localization ; Edge reactivity ; Graph theory ; Transfer matrices
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The problem of covering every site of a subsection of the honeycomb lattice with disjoint edges is considered. It is pointed out that a type of long-range order associated to such coverings can occur, so that different phases can arise as a consequence of the subsection's boundaries. These features are quantitatively investigated via a new analytic solution for a class of strips of arbitrary widths, arbitrary lengths, and arbitrary long-range-order values. Relations to work on the dimer covering problem of statistical mechanics and especially to the resonance theory of benzenoid hydrocarbons are noted.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2234
    Keywords: π-network polymers ; Valence-bond model ; Resonance theory ; Long-range order ; Bond localization ; Solitonic excitations ; Transfer matrices
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The poly-polyphenanthrene family of extended π-network strips with members ranging from polyacetylene to graphite is considered in terms of the locally correlated valence-bond or Heisenberg Hamiltonian. Resonance theory wavefunctions which provide a variational upper bound to the ground state energy are developed in a graph-theoretic formalism extendable to more general localized wavefunction cluster expansions. The graph-theoretic formalism facilitates the use of general transfer matrix techniques, which are especially powerful in application to quasi-one-dimensional systems such as are illustratively treated here. It is argued that these strips exhibit states of different long-range spin-pairing orderings. Novel properties associated with these different resulting phases are briefly indicated, including the possibilities of solitonic excitations and the reactivity at the ends of the strips. The qualitative arguments are supported by numerical calculations for strips up to width 8.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Theoretical, Physical and Computational Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Heteroatomic cages (BN/2NN/2) with borons and nitrogens fully replacing alternant sets of carbons in cages are built graph-theoretically and investigated via the semiempirical MNDO Hamiltonian. The comparison with their parent carbon cages CN is made in terms both of electronic and of geometric changes. Infinite classes first of octahedral symmetry and second of hexagonal-bipyramidal symmetry fullerenoid cages are considered in detail. The difference in the electronegativities for boron and nitrogen implies the opening of HOMO-LUMO gaps for alternant BN clusters. In general, the borons prefer planar geometry (sp2 hybridization) while the nitrogens prefer pyramidalization (sp3 hybridization). © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Theoretical, Physical and Computational Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The classical theory of chemical valence, first, is naturally formalized in mathematics in the area of graph theory and, second, finds an extension in quantum mechanics in terms of the Heitler-London-Pauling “valence-bond” (VB) theory. Thus, VB theory stands in a fairly unique position, although in quantum chemistry, there often has been a preference for the alternative (perhaps even “complementary”) molecular orbital (MO) theory, presumably in large part because of computational efficacy for general molecular structures. Indeed, as formulated by Pauling and others, VB theory was described as a configuration interaction (CI) problem when there were multiple relevant classical valence structures for the same molecular structure. Also, as now recognized, a direct assault on CI is computationally intensive, prone to size-inconsistency problems, and effectively limited to smaller systems - whereas indirect approaches, e.g., via wave-function cluster expansions or renormalization-group theory, often neatly avoid these problems. Thus, what is (and perhaps always has been) needed is “many-body” schemes for VB computations (as well as for higher-order MO-based approaches, too). Here, then, certain such many-body VB-amenable computational schemes are to be discussed, in the context of semiempirical (explicitly correlated) graphical models. The collection of models are described and interrelated in a fairly comprehensive systematic manner. A selection of many-body cluster expansion methods are then discussed with special reference to resonating VB wave functions and the fundamental graph-theoretic nature of the consequent problems (such as also are noted to arise in lattice-discretized statistical-mechanical problems, too). Some examples are described incorporating resonance among exponentially great numbers of VB structures as applied: for large icosahedral-symmetry fullerenic structures, for the (polyacetylenic) linear chain, and for ladderlike conjugated polymers. It is contended that practicable many-body VB-theoretic methods are now available, retaining clear links to classical chemical valence theory. Hopefully, too, these methods may soon find use beyond the semi-empirical framework.   © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Quant Chem 65: 421-438, 1997
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0020-7608
    Keywords: potential energy surface ; transition structure ; nonrigid molecule ; symmetry group ; reaction path ; Chemistry ; Theoretical, Physical and Computational Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The symmetry group of a nonrigid molecule is related to that of the transition structure that is related to the rearrangement process which contributes to the “nonrigidity” of the molecular system. The resulting permutation/rotation/reflection groups for nonrigid molecules can be much larger in order than the usual Longuet-Higgins permutation/inversion group. A few examples are presented to illustrate the definition of the symmetry group for nonrigid molecules.   © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Quant Chem 70: 205-217, 1998
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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