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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 240 (1939), S. 217-231 
    ISSN: 0863-1786
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Die Untersuchung verschiedener physikalischer Eigenschaften von wäßrigen Jodsäurelösungen wird im einzelnen beschrieben. Durch Anwendung der Mischungsgleichung zur Eliminierung des Lösungsmitteleinflusses werden Kurven über die Abhängigkeit der untersuchten physikalischen Eigenschaft von der Konzentration der Lösung erhalten, die bei 0,1 n und 0,04 n Knicke bzw. Unstetigkeiten aufweisen. Alle Kurven ergeben praktisch das gleiche Bild. Diese Unstetigkeiten werden in der Weise gedeutet, daß bei den genannten Konzentrationen eine Depolymerisation von (HJO3)3 unter Bildung einfacher Moleküle eintritt, wahrscheinlich der Übergang (HJO3)3 → (HJO3)2 → (HJO3). Eine Prüfung der Ramanspektren bestätigte diesen Befund.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) ; differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) ; scanning electron microscopy (SEM) ; nonlinear optical (NLO) properties ; second harmonic generation (SHG) ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We report the synthesis and characterization of interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) exhibiting nonlinear optical (NLO) properties. The network consists of aliphatic polycarbonate urethane (PCU) and poly(methyl methacrylate-co-N,N-disubstituted urea), with a nonlinear optical (NLO) chromophore incorporated into N,N-disubstituted urea. The full IPNs have only one Tg, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), together with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations, suggest a single phase morphology. The thin films of IPNs are transparent and the unpoled samples produced second harmonic generation (SHG) signals at room temperature. This result indicates that the NLO chromophore is oriented noncentrosymmetrically during the IPN formation process and is tightly held between the permanent entanglements of the two component networks of the IPN. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: interpenetrating networks ; nonlinear optics ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Two-component simultaneous interpenetrating networks (IPN) of thepoly(4′-[[2-(methylacryloxy)ethyl]ethylamino]-4-nitroazobenzene-co-methyl meth-acrylate) (PDR1MA-co-MMA)/poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO) system, the PDR1MA/PPO system and 4′-[[2-(acetoxy)ethyl]ethylamino]-4-nitroazo benzene (ACDR1) doped MMA/PPO system were synthesized and characterized. As studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) the full IPNs of the PDR1MA-co-MMA/PPO system and the PDR1MA/PPO system showed a single Tg varying with the PPO composition. A single-phase morphology of the full IPNs was also indicated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Transparent films were cast onto clean microscopic glass slides and poled at 190°C for 1 h. The UV-VIS absorption spectra of the three IPN systems before and after curing and corona poling showed a shift in the maximum absorption due to the induced alignment of the nonlinear optical chromophores in the IPN systems. The absorption intensity of the full IPNs remained same after heating at 120°C for 72 h, indicating that the electric field-induced alignment is stable in the full IPN materials. Preliminary second harmonic generation (SHG) data on these IPNs are presented. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci A: Polym Chem 36: 553-561, 1998
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 30 (1985), S. 1707-1715 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The effect of 60CO gamma radiation on polypropylene and glass-fiber-reinforced polypropylene was investigated. The glass fiber content in the reinforced polypropylene was observed to influence the mechanical properties of the original polypropylene. The initial modulus and off-set yield strength (at 0.25% strain) increased with the dose and glass fiber content. The tensile strength showed an initial decrease with the increase in glass fiber content followed by an increasing trend. A similar behavior was found with increasing dosage. The extent of fiber breakage during processing was higher at higher glass fiber content. However, the fiber length distribution became narrower beyond 2.45% glass fiber content in the polypropylene.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Viscose rayon, like many other cellulosic materials, has a thermal decomposition reaction. The rate of change of weight loss of this material is very high at a narrow range of temperatures. When viscose rayon is impregnated with inorganic additives, there is a shift in the temperature of maximum rate of weight loss (Tmax) towards the lower side of the temperature. This effect, due to the addition of ammonium chloride, calcium chloride, and a mixture of calcium chloride and ammonium chloride, was studied in the temperature range 200-400°C through thermogravimetry and the changes observed in the values of activation energy, order of reaction, and char yield are presented in this paper.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A kinetic study of the silver(I)-catalyzed oxidation of tris(1,10-phenanthroline)iron(II) with peroxodiphosphate was carried out by estimating tris-complex at 510 nm. The reaction is found to conform to the rate law (i). with K2 and K3 being the acid dissociation constants of H3P2O8- and H2P2O82-, respectively. The silver(I) catalysis in the reaction has been explained on the basis of complex formation between pdp and silver(I).
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The kinetics of oxidation of Aspartic acid by bismuth(V) studied in HClO4-HF mixture iodometrically exhibit complex dependence with respect to aspartic acid (AA). The rate law (i) accounts for all the experimental observations. where [Bi(V)] and [AA] are the gross analytical concentration of all fluorobismuth(V) species and the equilibrium concentration of aspartic acid, respectively. The oxidation product of the amino acid was identified to be an aldehyde. HF and F- do not affect the rate of the reaction. © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The kinetics of the oxidation of water with bismuth(V) in presence of silver(I) has been investigated in a mixture of HClO4 (1.0 mol dm-3) and HF (1.5 mol dm-3). The reaction is second order, viz., first order with respect to bismuth(V) and silver(I), each, and the second order rate constant is (6.6 ± 0.7) × 10-3 dm3 mol-1 s-1. However, rate is independent of hydrogen ion concentration. A comparative analysis of these results with the results obtained for pdp, pds, and Ce(IV), reactions with silver(I) has also been made to correlate the rate constants and the redox-potentials of the oxidant couples.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The kinetics of oxidation of amino acids viz. glycine, alanine, and threonine with bismuth(V) in HClO4-HF medium have been studied. The kinetics of the oxidation of all these amino acids exhibit similar rate laws. The second-order rate constants were calculated to be 2.04 × 10-2 dm3 mol-1 and 2.72 × 10-2 dm3 mol-1 s-1 for glycine and alanine, respectively, at 35°C and 5.9 × 10-2 dm3 mol-1 s-1 for threonine at 25°C. All the possible reactive species of both bismuth(V) and amino acids have been discussed and a most probable kinetic model in each reaction has been envisaged. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Silver(I) catalyzed oxidation of aspartic acid by cerium(IV) was studied in acid perchlorate medium. The stoichiometry of the reaction is represented by the eq. (i) Dimeric cerium(IV) species has been indicated and employed in calculations of monomeric cerium(IV) species concentrations. The reaction is second-order and uncatalyzed reaction also simultaneously occurs along with the silver(I) catalyzed reaction conforming to the rate law (ii) where k is an observed second-order rate constant. A probable reaction mechanism is suggested. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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