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  • 1
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Enantiomer separation ; mixed chiral selectors ; modified cyclodextrins ; gas chromatography ; PCB ; o,p´-DDD ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Columns containing different types of cyclodextrin derivatives have been evaluated for chiral gas chromatographic separation of atropisomeric PCBs, o,p´-DDT and o,p´-DDD. Separation was attempted on columns containing mixed chiral selectors, and the performance of two closely related selectors was also examined. The cyclodextrins were: permethylated-β-CD (PM-β-CD), heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-β-CD (2,3-M-6-TBDMS-β-CD), heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-tert-hexyldimethylsilyl)-β-CD (2,3-M-6-THDMS-β-CD), and heptakis(2,3-di-O-ethyl-6-O-tert-hexyldimethylsilyl)-β-cyclodextrin (2,3-E-6-THDMS-β-CD). The cyclodextrins were dissolved in OV-1701 or in a dimethylsiloxane/silarylene copolymer containing 5% phenyl in the backbone. The application of mixed chiral selectors led to improved separations, however; at most eleven PCB congeners were separated on a single column. Chiral resolution of o,p´-DDD was achieved. The use of a dimethylsiloxane/silarylene copolymer as a matrix for the cyclodextrins is a promising approach. With such a matrix, blocking of the CD cavities by silicone substituent groups can be avoided, and a reasonable CD solubility can be provided. The selectivity of heptakis(2,3-di-O-ethyl-6-O-tert-hexyldimethylsilyl)-β-CD and heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-tert-hexyldimethylsilyl)-β-CD was quite different, the former selector could separate four congeners, while the latter separated ten congeners.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1040-7685
    Keywords: light scattering detection ; supercritical fluid chromatography ; packed microcolumns ; argentation chromatography ; triacylglycerols ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Packed capillary columns provide excellent separation of neutral lipids by supercritical fluid chromatography. For these separations, it is necessary to add a polar modifier to the mobile phase; hitherto, a detector suitable for quantitative analysis has been lacking. For this purpose, a miniaturized evaporative light scattering detector for combination with packed microcolumns in supercritical fluid chromatography has been developed. Since the detector response is dependent on the mobile phase flow rate, a drop in response was found at flow rates above 16 mL min-1 of expanded mobile phase. However, below this flow rate, there was a region of relatively constant response. In this region, quantitative analysis could also be successfully performed when the pressure and/or the temperature of the separation were programmed. The detection limit was lower than 6 ng. With pressure programming, the relative standard deviation in peak area was less then 4%. Minor peaks gave higher RSD values.Further, it is demonstrated that argentation SFC of triacylglycerols provides separation according to chain length as well as to the degree of unsaturation.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Thin-layer chromatography, HPTLC ; Reversed phase mode ; Modification of commercially available plates ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The condition for in situ chemical modification of commercially available thin-layer plates have been varied and the influence thereof upon reversed phase plate properties has been studied. The reaction variables studied were: average silica pore size, silica water content, use of tri- or monochlorosilanes as modifiers, reaction temperature, and addition of base. Coverage and activity of residual silanol groups was studied on modified plates.Desired plate properties are high speed of development in aqueous solvents and low content of active residual silanol groups. Under the conditions tested, the lowest amount of residual silanols was achieved at the expence of the speed of development in aqueous media and vice versa.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry ; Capillary columns ; Stationary phases ; Silicones ; Thermal degradation ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The applicability of capillary columns for gas chromatography is often limited by stationary phase degradation at elevated temperatures. In order to achieve a better understanding of column thermostability, column bleed products have been analyzed qualitatively by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Three silicone stationary phases were studied: SE-52, SE-54, and OV-1701. Each of these was immobilized in the columns. The proportion of cyclics containing diphenyl in column bleed from SE-52 reflected to a large extent the composition of the polymer, while for SE-54 the proportion of such cyclics was unexpectedly high. The polar moiety of OV-1701, the cyanopropyl(phenyl)siloxy unit, was found to exert a highly destabilizing effect on the polymer, and the thermal degradation products consisted mainly of cyclosiloxanes containing this unit.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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