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  • Chemistry  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 0887-6134
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The aim of the present investigation was to ascertain whether mass spectrometric analysis of glucose allows determination in small samples (0.01 nmol) of the sites and the extent of labelling of glucose produced by isolated liver cells from various gluconeogenic labelled precursors. The electron impact spectrum of the methyloxime pentatrimethylsilyl derivative of natural glucose affords fragment ions retaining specific carbon atoms, i.e. 1-2 (m/z 160), 1-2-3 (m/z 262), 3-4-5-6 (m/z 319), 4-5-6 (m/z 217), 5-6 (m/z 205), 6 (m/z 103). The mass fragmentography analysis of the same derivative of commercially available labelled glucose molecules (1-13C, 6-13C, 2-2H, 3-2H, 6,6-2H2) permitted evaluation of the degree of specificity of these fragment ions, and development of a calculation method for isotope incorporation. Using this methodology we found that incubation of hepatocytes with (2-13C)glycerol, (1,3-13C)glycerol or NaH13CO3 plus pyruvate or lactate produced (2,5-13C)glucose, (1,3,4,6-13C) glucose or (3,4-13C)glucose, respectively. The extent of labelling was measurable on individual carbon of the glucose molecule except for carbon 1. The lowest enrichment detectable on carbon 1-3 or 3 was found to be 0.5%. In conclusion, gas chromatography mass spectrometry is a reliable method for positional isotopic anlysis of 13C-labelled glucose, and appears useful in the study of the gluconeogenic pathway.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0951-4198
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: We propose a new method for the quantitative determination of carbon dioxide released by a biological microgenerator: a suspension of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL). This method is based on the reverse isotope dilution analysis by gas chromatography/isotope ratio mass spectrometry of 13CO2 released by PMNL in a controlled isotope abundance atmosphere containing 3% CO2.13CO2 release is effective after PMNL stimulation in the presence of [13C]glucose, labeled on positions 1, 2 or 6. The validation of this method is carried out by the measurement of the isotope ratio 13CO2/12CO2 using known amounts of [13C]sodium hydrogen carbonate and the comparison with theoretical isotope abundances derived from various CO2 equilibria. Complete release of CO2 is achieved by the acidification of the medium. This method requires only few cells, displays high sensitivity and specificity and can be applied to the analysis of large series of samples using an automatic sample injector. In addition, this method can also be applied to other types of biological microgenerators of carbon dioxide.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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