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  • 1
    ISSN: 0886-9383
    Keywords: Higher-order data arrays ; Dimensionality ; Data modelling ; Classification ; Discrimination ; Correlation ; Regression ; Systematics of data analysis ; Opportunities for future developments ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A scaffold for detailed understanding of the concept ‘dimensionality’ in data analysis is furnished by a systematic classification of higher-order data array configurations. Three major types of problem formulation in multivariate data analysis can be characterized for relevant data classes: 1data description (intra-class data structure modelling of inter-object and inter-variable relationships)2classification (inter-class discrimination)3correlation, regression (inter-variable relationships).The relationship between these three categories of data analytical problem formulation and the fundamental data array classification is exposed. These relations are augmented to include the general case of data arrays of order R, and R-way data analysis with the use of bilinear projections is presented. Based upon this, some possible directions for the future development of data analysis may be imagined.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0377-0486
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The composition dependence of the Raman spectra of the mixed ion vermiculites [(CH3)4N+]1-x [(CH3)3NH+]x-V (V = vermiculite) have been studied in the range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. The torsional mode frequencies exhibit a small shift (ca. 2 cm-1) to lower energy with increasing x and their composition dependence is distinct from that shown by the corresponding modes of Cs1-xRbx-V. These differences are attributed to a variation of the guest-host force constants and in particular to the interactions between the guest ions and the basal oxygens, which depend strongly on the size difference,ΔD, between the guest ion pairs. Using a van der Waals-type force model and the nearest neighbor approximation, the torsional mode frequencies of the pure end-member compounds of the two mixed ion systems discussed above have been successfully accounted for.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 28 (1982), S. 833-835 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The partial enthalpy of dissolved hydrogen in hydrocarbon liquids is derived from the fugacity correlation of Sebastian et al. and the results are presented in general equations. The partial enthalpy of the hydrocarbon solvent is found to be changed only insignificantly by the dissolved hydrogen from that of the pure liquid at the experimental conditions of up to 30 MPa in pressure.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 11 (1971), S. 83-92 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A temperature probe system to measure radial temperature profile of polymer flowing in a rod die and a method to systematically correct the conduction and the frictional shear effects were developed. Experimental data obtained on a 1-1/2-inch extruder using a blow molding compound show that both conduction and frictional shear heating effects are significant in melt temperature measurement and that the radial temperature profiles of the melt in the rod die are influenced by the RPM of the screw and the die-wall temperature.The reliability of the temperature data obtained was compared with the solution obtained from the equations of motion and energy. A good agreement between the predicted versus experimental temperature profile exists. For this polymer system, the relationship between local Nusselt number and the velocity parameter could be adequately described with the theory of Van LeeuWen.
    Additional Material: 17 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 13 (1973), S. 372-381 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The extrusion head systems for both pipe and blow molding were analyzed theoretically and relationships derived between pressure drop and temperature rise for various materials at different flow rates and die restrictions.Because of the complexity of the geometry involved, the die was segmented into several sections axially and momentum and energy equations for these sections were solved with the help of IBM 360. The floating boundary conditions were used in order to take into account the nature of the flow phenomenon involved.To complement and support this theoretical work, rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bottle compounds were used to obtain extrusion data on a 3½ inch extruder with several different die sizes. A good agreement was found between the predicted versus experimental data. Results showed that temperature rise in the die systems in significant and that neglecting it would result in a gross error in the calculated pressure drop.Based on this work, a simplified version of the theoretical equation was developed to serve as an engineering tool in estimating pressure drop and stock temperature for a given material where extreme accuracy is not essential. Results of the engineering equation which contains several empirical constants correlate well with the data and support the theoretical effort.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 28 (1986), S. 627-630 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The effect of dissymetrical units on the properties of thermotropic liquid crystalline copolyesters based on hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA), terephthalate) acid (TPA), and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) units was examined. The dissymmetrical units employed included 2,7-dihydroxynaphthalene (2,7-DHN),1,4-dihydroxynaphthalene (1,4-DHN), and bromo-hydroquinone (Br-HQ). All of these polymers exhibited turbid melts. The flexible PET units lower the melting and/or stick temperature, and between 10 to 20 mol % is a critical level to achieve values in the range of 250°C or lower. The copolyesters based on 2,7-DHN have the highest glass transition temperatures and maintain stiffness to the highest temperatures. The properties of each series of copolyesters are discussed in terms of the efficiency of molecular packing. The effects of chemical and physical inhomogeneity are emphasized.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The effect of electron beam (EB) irradiation on the mechanical and thermal properties of initially amorphous and semicrystalline poly(phenylene sulfide) (PPS) films has been investigated. Irradiations were carried out either in a nitrogen or air atmosphere. Subsequent mechanical testing carried out at 23°C suggested that oxidative degradation occurs in air for high radiation dosages. However, modulus and tensile strength were not greatly affected by irradiation level. Moreover, it was found that elongation by yielding no longer occurs at doses higher than 1000 Mrad for initially amorphous materials and above 500 Mrad for the initially semicrystalline materials. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements utilized to determine crystallinity and melting behavior suggest the likely occurrence of some crosslinking with high irradiation levels. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the irradiated PPS surface suggest the possible occurrence of gas evolution - at least for high dosage levels.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 50 (1993), S. 2223-2224 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 60 (1996), S. 799-805 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: UV-curable polyurethane (PU) acrylates have been synthesized from polypropylene glycol (PPG), isophoron diisocyanate (IPDI), and three types of reactive diluents, i.e., 2-hydroxyethylacrylate (HEA), tripropyleneglycol diacrylate (TPGDA), and trimethylolpropane triacrylate (TMPTA). The effects of soft segment length, type, and concentration of reactive diluent on the mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties have been determined. When the soft segment length was short (750) tensile strength (σb) decreased, and elongation at break (εb) generally increased with increasing HEA concentration, due respectively to the inferior strength of HEA homopolymer, and increased molecular weight between crosslinks (Mc). Initial modulus (E) and σb increase and elongation at break (εb) decreased with the increase of TPGDA concentration, and the effect was more pronounced as the soft segment length decreased. The hardness and σb increase with diluent concentration in PPG 2000-based materials was more pronounced with higher functionality diluent, due to the increased crosslinking density. The lower temperature glass transition peak of PU was not influenced by the TPGDA incorporation, whereas the higher temperature one moved toward still higher temperature. This was interpreted in terms of possible compatibility of hard segments and acrylates due to their similar polarity and hydrogen bonding. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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