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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-21
    Description: Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) containing only one metal center may represent the lower size limit for molecule-based magnetic information storage materials. Their current drawback is that all SMMs require liquid-helium cooling to show magnetic memory effects. We now report a chemical strategy to access the dysprosium metallocene cation [(Cp i Pr5 )Dy(Cp*)] + (Cp i Pr5 , penta-iso-propylcyclopentadienyl; Cp *, pentamethylcyclopentadienyl), which displays magnetic hysteresis above liquid-nitrogen temperatures. An effective energy barrier to reversal of the magnetization of U eff = 1541 wave number is also measured. The magnetic blocking temperature of T B = 80 kelvin for this cation overcomes an essential barrier toward the development of nanomagnet devices that function at practical temperatures.
    Keywords: Chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 31 (1985), S. 465-473 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Measurements of solids motion in a fluidized bed have been made in a computer-aided particle tracking facility. A radioactive tracer particle, dynamically identical to the solid particles to be studied, was mixed with the solids in the bed. The gamma radiation from the tracer was continuously monitored by a large number of scintillation detectors located around the bed, providing information on the tracer's instantaneous location. Prudent use was made of the purposely introduced redundant distance data to achieve improved accuracy. The recognition of the existence of secondary emission due to the interaction of the primary radiation and other system materials and the subsequent devising of a scheme to mitigate its effect contribute much to the success. Results for a bed with a uniform air distributor plate show the existence of two counter-rotating toroidal vortices whose relative sizes and strengths vary with the fluidizing velocity. Fluctuating motions at low frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 16 Hz have been observed at various locations in the bed.
    Additional Material: 13 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: In this work, a mathematical model which can be used to describe butch growth in fermentations with two liquid phases present is developed for systems in which the growth limiting substrate is dissolved in the dispersed phase. The model takes into account the drop size distribution, the rate of adsorption of cells on the drop surface, the rate of desorption of cells from the drop surface, substrate transport between phases, phase equilibrium, and growth kinetics. The model also considers the effect, of coalescence and redispersion of oil drops in the system. It is assumed that the composition of the dispersed phase is such that substrate utilization from it causes little or no change in the interfacial area. A discrete uniform distribution and a discrete normal distribution which is obtained from an experimental distribution curve are used as drop size distributions. Simulation results are obtained for a wide range of parameter values using the IBM S/360 Continuous System Modeling Program.
    Additional Material: 23 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 35 (1995), S. 144-150 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The objective of the current paper was to extend the relationships between complex polymer structures and microwave absorptivity that were formulated in the first three papers of this series (1-3). The microwave processing of composite and polymeric blends via a cylindrical resonance wave cavity and a rectangular standing wave applicator is described. These polymeric materials were irradiated in a low power (〈 100W) electric field at 2.45 GHz. Graphite-epoxy laminates were processed in both standing and traveling wave applicators. Rapid heating and curing were achieved in both cases. An observation of significance was that, with proper tuning of the traveling wave device (the precursor of a protable repair tool), it proved to be highly effective in processing. Additionally, a compatible blend of poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(vinylidene fluoride) was heated in and applicator and the rates of temperature rise were demonstrated to depend upon morphology.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0006-3525
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Laser-excited Raman spectra of tRNAPhe from yeast and of fractionated 16S and 23S rRNA from E. coli are reported for samples in aqueous solution and in the solid state. The Raman scattering spectrum of each RNA is not significantly altered by the change from an aqueous to a solid environment and displays the same characteristic frequencies and intensities associated with ordered polyribonucleotide structures. Unlike DNA, the backbone conformation of RNA thus appears to be largely insensitive to gross changes in the degree of hydration.Raman scattering from the phosphate group vibrations of aqueous tRNAyeastPhe is qualitatively and quantitatively the same as obtained from previously studied tRNA's and is indicative of a highly ordered conformational structure in which some 85% of the nucleotide residues are in ordered configurations. The major differences observed between spectra of tRNA and rRNA are attributed to differences in base composition of these RNA's.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The theoretical equations for the flow of Newtonian fluids in a falling cylinder viscometer with eccentricity are developed. The error in fall velocity of the cylinder caused by eccentricity is determined and presented in tabular form. An approximate method to determine the error in fall velocity caused by eccentricity for non-Newtonian fluids of the power law type is also presented. For the Newtonian case, n=1, the approximate method is shown to give excellent agreement with the exact method.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 18 (1972), S. 146-149 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A variational method has been used to study the entrance and exit effects in a falling cylinder viscometer for creeping and noncreeping flow. The computed result indicate solution convergence for NRe less than 100 and agree with experiment within ± 0.5% for NRe less than 25.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 34 (1988), S. 158-162 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 40 (1992), S. 63-68 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: rapeseed protein recovery ; isoelectric precipitation ; HMP ; CMC ; ammonium sulphate ; nitrogen yield ; aggregate size ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Recovery of rapeseed proteins from defatted canola meal by precipitation was investigated. The ability of different precipitating agents, such as sodium hexametaphosphate (HMP), carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), ammonium sulphate, and isoelectric precipitation using HCl, were evaluated based on the yield and mean size of protein aggregates. Almost 94% of dissolved protein was precipitated in the presence of 2.7M ammonium sulphate, while the largest mean protein particle size (32 μm) was obtained in the presence of HMP at pH 3.3.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The change in the concentration of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) can, in fact, affect directly the correlation between phase behavior and structure of a four-component system, polyethylene glycol/sodium dodecyl sulfate/pentanol/H2O. Experimental results indicate that the phenomena of microemulsion and lamellar liquid crystals can take place at a concentration of SDS greater than 5% and 17% by weight, respectively. In our experiments, these liquid crystals are tested and found to be hydrophilic and their rheological properties to be non-Newtonian as well.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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